Monday, March 12, 2018

Bellanca 14-13-2 Cruisair Senior, N74445: Accident occurred March 09, 2018 at Anacortes Airport (74S), Skagit County, Washington

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Seattle, Washington

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Anacortes, WA
Accident Number: GAA18CA165
Date & Time: 03/09/2018, 1600 PST
Registration: N74445
Aircraft: BELLANCA 1413
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 


The pilot reported that, during a biennial flight review, as the tailwheel touched down on landing, the airplane veered to the right. He added that, he was unable to correct quickly enough to prevent the airplane from exiting the runway to the right. The right main landing gear exited the runway, and the airplane ground looped to the right.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left aileron.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during landing. 


Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Runway excursion

Nose over/nose down

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 53, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/07/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 06/07/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 282 hours (Total, all aircraft), 3.6 hours (Total, this make and model), 190 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 4.6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 3.1 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3.1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Glider; Helicopter
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Unknown
Last FAA Medical Exam: 02/01/2018
Occupational Pilot:
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 01/01/2018
Flight Time: (Estimated) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: BELLANCA
Registration: N74445
Model/Series: 1413 2
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1947
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 1558
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/01/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2150 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2718 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Franklin
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: 6A4-150-B3
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 150 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KNUW, 47 ft msl
Observation Time: 2356 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 9 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 181°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 3500 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 11°C / 2°C
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 25000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 7 knots, 240°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.12 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Anacortes, WA (74S)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1550 PST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: ANACORTES (74S)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 241 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 36
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3015 ft / 60 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 None
Latitude, Longitude:  48.498611, -122.662500 (est)

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