Sunday, December 31, 2017

Maule M-5-210C, N378X: Accidents occurred May 05, 2013 and August 30, 2012 at Juneau International Airport (PAJN), Alaska

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Juneau, Alaska

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N378X

Location: Juneau, AK
Accident Number: ANC13CA040
Date & Time: 05/05/2013, 1930 AKD
Registration: N378X
Aircraft: MAULE M-5-210C
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 4 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis 

The pilot departed from a dry, paved runway in a tailwheel-equipped airplane; the takeoff required a correction for a 5-knot, right crosswind. The pilot said that during the takeoff roll, the airplane veered to the left, and he applied right rudder to correct the veer, but the airplane subsequently ground looped to the left. The right main landing gear collapsed, and the right wing and right horizontal stabilizer struck the ground. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing, right horizontal stabilizer and fuselage. The pilot said that there were no preaccident mechanical problems with the airplane.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during the takeoff roll, which resulted in a ground loop. 

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Abnormal runway contact
Runway excursion 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 58, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Seatbelt, Shoulder harness
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/01/2012
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 150 hours (Total, all aircraft), 80 hours (Total, this make and model), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: MAULE
Registration: N378X
Model/Series: M-5-210C
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 6178C
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
ELT: C126 installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-360 SER
Registered Owner: Pending
Rated Power: 210 hp
Operator: Pending
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PAJN, 21 ft msl
Observation Time: 1953 ADT
Distance from Accident Site:
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 1000 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 8°C / 6°C
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 1500 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 6 knots, 280°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.06 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Precipitation
Departure Point: Juneau, AK (PAJN)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Unknown
Destination: Juneau, AK (PAJN)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time:  ADT
Type of Airspace: 

Airport Information

Airport: Juneau International (PAJN)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 21 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 26
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 8457 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 3 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 4 None
Latitude, Longitude:  58.355000, -134.576389 (est)

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Juneau, Alaska 

Aviation Accident Final Report -  National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket -  National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Location: Juneau, AK
Accident Number: ANC12CA098
Date & Time: 08/30/2012, 1800 AKD
Registration: N378X
Aircraft: MAULE M-5-210C
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional

Analysis

The pilot receiving instruction had recently returned to flying after a long absence, and he hired a flight instructor to assist him in becoming familiar and proficient with a recently purchased tailwheel-equipped airplane. Although not proficient, the pilot did possess a current tailwheel endorsement. During landing, the pilot said he overcorrected, and the airplane ground looped, sustaining substantial damage to the left aileron. The instructor said that he had been asked to substitute for the pilot's primary instructor and that he overestimated the pilot's ability and did not take control of the airplane. Neither pilot reported any preaccident mechanical problems with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control of the tailwheel-equipped airplane during landing, resulting in a ground loop. Contributing to the accident was the flight instructor's failure to adequately monitor the landing.

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)
Task monitoring/vigilance - Instructor/check pilot (Factor)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Dragged wing/rotor/float/other

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 58, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Seatbelt, Shoulder harness
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/01/2012
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/30/2012
Flight Time: 98 hours (Total, all aircraft), 16 hours (Total, this make and model), 54 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 15 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Commercial
Age: 65, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Seatbelt, Shoulder harness
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/08/2011
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/14/2011
Flight Time:  7000 hours (Total, all aircraft), 6000 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: MAULE
Registration: N378X
Model/Series: M-5-210C
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 6178C
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/10/2012, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1434 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360 SER
Registered Owner: Michael Whisenant
Rated Power: 300 hp
Operator: Michael Whisenant
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation:
Observation Time:
Distance from Accident Site:
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 16°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  25 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR): 
Altimeter Setting:
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Juneau, AK (PAJN)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Juneau, AK (PAJN)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time:  ADT
Type of Airspace:

Airport Information

Airport: Juneau International (PAJN)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 20 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 26
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 8457 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Stop and Go; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 58.355000, -134.576389

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