Monday, March 14, 2022

Cessna T210N, N5391A: Incident occurred March 13, 2022 and Accident occurred September 15, 2017

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Oakland, California

March 13, 2022:  Aircraft incurred a propeller strike on landing at Stockton Metropolitan Airport (KSCK), San Joaquin County, California

Date: 13-MAR-22
Time: 02:06:00Z
Regis#: N5391A
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: T210
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: MINOR
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
September 15, 2017
September 15, 2017
September 15, 2017
September 15, 2017

September 15, 2017

September 15, 2017

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board 

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Jose, California 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Watsonville, California
Accident Number: WPR17LA204
Date and Time: September 15, 2017, 13:00 Local
Registration: N5391A
Aircraft: Cessna T210N
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing gear collapse
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that, during the landing, the airplane bounced and soon after he felt a "jerk and thump," and the propeller contacted the runway as the airplane slid across the runway with the nose down. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the leading edge of the right horizontal stabilizer. Examination of the runway surface revealed markings consistent with a hard landing on the nose landing gear.

The pilot reported there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airframe or engine that would have precluded normal operation. It is likely that the pilot failed to maintain a proper landing flare, which resulted in a hard landing on the nose gear and its subsequent separation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot’s improper landing flare, which resulted in a bounced landing and subsequent nose gear separation.


Aircraft Landing flare - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot

Factual Information

On September 15, 2017, about 1300 Pacific daylight time, a Cessna T210N airplane, N5391A, was substantially damaged when it was involved in an accident near Watsonville, California. The pilot and passenger were not injured. The airplane was operated as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 personal flight.

The pilot reported that the flight and approach to landing were normal. During the landing, the airplane bounced, and he felt a “jerk and thump.” The next thing he recalled was the propeller impacting the runway surface as the airplane slid across the runway with the nose down. The pilot stated that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions of the airplane.

A postaccident examination of the airplane and accident site by a Federal Aviation Administration inspector revealed impact gouging and tire marks on the runway surface near the approach end of runway 20. The nose landing gear separated from the airplane and was found on the runway. The airplane came to rest on the left side of the runway and exhibited impact damage to the lower fuselage
and substantial damage to the leading edge of the right horizontal stabilizer. The inspector noted that the nose landing gear separated “straight off,” and there was no evidence of mechanical anomalies. The nose landing gear linkage was in the down and locked position.

History of Flight

Landing-flare/touchdown Landing gear collapse (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private 
Age: 36,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present:
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 None
Last FAA Medical Exam: August 8, 2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 140 hours (Total, all aircraft), 37 hours (Total, this make and model), 40 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 48 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Passenger Information

Certificate: Age:
Airplane Rating(s): 
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): 
Restraint Used: Lap only
Instrument Rating(s): 
Second Pilot Present:
Instructor Rating(s):
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: 
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N5391A
Model/Series: T210N 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1979 
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; None
Serial Number: 21063408
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: April 18, 2017 
Annual Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1450 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 35 Hrs
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4780 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental Motors
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: TSIO-520-R
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 310 Horsepower
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: WVI, 144 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 12:30 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 115°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.96 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 21°C / 12°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: LIVERMORE, CA (LVK)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Watsonville, CA (WVI)
Type of Clearance: VFR flight following
Departure Time: 12:10 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class D; Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 163 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 20 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4501 ft / 149 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Straight-in; Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 36.935832,-121.79055 (est)

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