Wednesday, June 30, 2021

Aerodynamic Stall / Spin: Cessna 172K Skyhawk, N78658; accident occurred June 30, 2019 near Dare County Regional Airport (KMQI), Manteo, North Carolina

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Greensboro, North Carolina

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

OBX Airplanes LLC

Location: Manteo, North Carolina
Accident Number: GAA19CA439
Date & Time: June 30, 2019, 14:50 Local
Registration: N78658
Aircraft: Cessna 172 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Aerodynamic stall/spin 
Injuries: 4 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Other work use


The pilot reported that, during initial climb, he "started to feel the airspeed drop" and that he attempted to regain airspeed by lowering the airplane's nose. The airspeed continued to drop, and the airplane aerodynamically stalled and subsequently impacted the ground. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage, both wings, the horizontal stabilizer, and the elevator. The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain adequate airspeed and his exceedance of the airplane's critical angle of attack, which resulted in an aerodynamic stall.


Aircraft Angle of attack - Capability exceeded
Aircraft Airspeed - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Initial climb Aerodynamic stall/spin (Defining event)
Initial climb Off-field or emergency landing
Landing-landing roll Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial 
Age: 26,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: April 24, 2019
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: May 26, 2019
Flight Time: (Estimated) 417.2 hours (Total, all aircraft), 61.9 hours (Total, this make and model), 355.5 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 77.6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 58.7 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N78658
Model/Series: 172 K 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1968 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17257708
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: May 29, 2019 100 hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3918.9 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91 installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: O-320-E2D
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 150 Horsepower
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMQI,14 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 19:00 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 192°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots / 18 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 290° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.85 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 34°C / 19°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Manteo, NC (MQI)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Manteo, NC (MQI)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time:
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Dare County Rgnl MQI 
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 13 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 35 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3301 ft / 73 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 3 Minor 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 4 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 35.918888,-75.695556(est)

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