Wednesday, June 30, 2021

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 180 H Skywagon, N7955V; accident occurred June 22, 2020 at Burlington International Airport (KBTV), Chittenden County, Vermont

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board
Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration;  Dallas, Texas

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Savage Island Airport (VT15) LLC

Location: Burlington, Vermont
Accident Number: ERA20CA224
Date & Time: June 22, 2020, 15:15 Local
Registration: N7955V
Aircraft: Cessna 180
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground 
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that he was performing touch-and-go landings. While performing a three-point landing on the center of the runway, a gust of wind struck the airplane from the right. The airplane initially swerved slightly, then rapidly to the right and the left wing contacted the ground. The pilot then taxied the airplane back to the ramp uneventfully. The left wing and elevator were substantially damaged during the accident.

The pilot stated there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures of the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The recorded wind conditions at the time of the accident included a 50° right crosswind at 7 knots.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot’s failure to maintain directional control during landing roll in crosswind conditions.

Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained
Environmental issues Crosswind - Response/compensation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll Loss of control on ground (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 57, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: February 5, 2020
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: December 23, 2019
Flight Time: 323.3 hours (Total, all aircraft), 133.3 hours (Total, this make and model), 4.5 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 4.5 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2.5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N7955V
Model/Series: 180 H
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1967
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18051855
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: September 19, 2010 Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2800 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4053.6 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470 SERIES
Registered Owner:
Rated Power: 230 Horsepower
Operator: On file 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: 
Distance from Accident Site:
Observation Time: 17:54 Local 
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 7000 ft AGL 
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 200° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 29.87 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 33°C / 15°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Burlington, VT (BTV)
Type of Flight Plan Filed:
Destination: Burlington, VT (BTV)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 12:00 Local 
Type of Airspace:

Airport Information

Airport: Burlington Intl BTV
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt; Concrete
Airport Elevation: 334 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 15 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 8319 ft / 150 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 44.470832,-73.151664

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