Sunday, April 18, 2021

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 172N Skyhawk, N737RR; accident occurred April 16, 2020 at Fairmont Field Airport (1OK), Garfield County, Oklahoma

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Enid, Oklahoma
Accident Number: CEN20CA152
Date & Time: April 16, 2020, 17:35 Local 
Registration: N737RR
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional


According to the flight instructor, during a training flight, he instructed the student pilot to perform a simulated power-off approach to a private turf airstrip. He briefed the student to execute a go-around upon reaching 100 ft above ground level. Upon reaching this altitude with the airplane configured with full flaps and the airspeed about 60 knots, the instructor told the student to go around. However, the airplane continued to descend, the airspeed decreased to about 45 knots, and the airplane veered left, at which point the instructor applied full power and raised the flaps, but the airplane "touched down firmly" about midfield off the left side of the runway and continued to veer left onto a field. The instructor visually inspected the airplane from his right seat and decided to take off to the south and return to the home airport. Once at the home airport, examination of the airplane revealed that the left wing had sustained substantial damage.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The flight instructor's delayed remedial action during a power-off approach and go-around in gusting wind conditions, which resulted in a hard landing, loss of directional control, and a runway excursion onto a field.


Personnel issues Delayed action - Instructor/check pilot
Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained
Environmental issues Gusts - Effect on operation
Environmental issues (general) - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach-VFR go-around Loss of control in flight
Landing Hard landing
Landing Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Landing Runway excursion

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor
Age: 47, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No 
Instructor Rating(s):  Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 02/17/2020
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 09/18/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 5704 hours (Total, all aircraft), 4 hours (Total, this make and model), 4722 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: None
Age: 18, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/11/2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 9.2 hours (Total, all aircraft), 9.2 hours (Total, this make and model), 1.8 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 1.8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0.6 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N737RR
Model/Series: 172 N
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1977
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17269620
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 02/13/2020, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 8950.4 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320-H2AD
Registered Owner: Aero Club Of Enid Inc
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: Aero Club Of Enid Inc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KWDG, 1167 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 6 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2245 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 280°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 4000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 28 knots / 35 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction:180° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 29.83 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 23°C / 9°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Enid, OK (END)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Enid, OK (WDG)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1658 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: Fairmont Field (1OK)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 1168 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 17
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2540 ft / 65 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Simulated Forced Landing 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 None
Latitude, Longitude: 36.364722, -97.667778 (est)

1 comment:

  1. That instructor needs to loose his license for flying with that severe of damage. No way he should have missed that before taking off.