Sunday, November 15, 2020

Hard Landing: Cirrus SR22T, N82SN; accident occurred November 23, 2018 at Greenville Downtown Airport (KGMU), South Carolina

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office;  Columbia, South Carolina 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Greenville, South Carolina 
Accident Number: GAA19CA094
Date & Time: November 23, 2018, 18:20 Local
Registration: N82SN
Aircraft: Cirrus SR22 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that, during a night landing, he flared too high, and the airplane descended and landed hard. The airplane exited the runway, but the pilot was able to maneuver the airplane back onto the runway without further incident.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left-wing rib.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper landing flare with a gusting, right quartering headwind, which resulted in a hard landing.


Aircraft Landing flare - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Environmental issues Gusts - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Hard landing (Defining event)
Landing Loss of control on ground
Landing Runway excursion

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 70,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: November 1, 2018
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: February 22, 2018
Flight Time: (Estimated) 1003 hours (Total, all aircraft), 180 hours (Total, this make and model), 944 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 30 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 11 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cirrus
Registration: N82SN
Model/Series: SR22 T
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2014
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 0859
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3600 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 1.214202E+07 Hrs 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: TSIO-550-K
Registered Owner:
Rated Power:
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Dusk
Observation Facility, Elevation: KGMU,1048 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 23:39 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 122°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 3100 ft AGL
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 5000 ft AGL 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 14 knots / 19 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 50° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.23 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 5°C / -2°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: Light - None - Rain
Departure Point: Angola, IN (ANQ )
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Greenville, SC (GMU )
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 15:10 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1048 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Wet
Runway Used: 01 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5393 ft / 100 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A Aircraft
Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 34.848056,-82.349998(est)

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