Saturday, October 17, 2020

Loss of Control on Ground: Piper PA-28-161, N2961W: Accident occurred October 19, 2019 at Quakertown Airport (KUKT), Bucks County, Pennsylvania




Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Allentown, Pennsylvania 

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Location: Quakertown, PA
Accident Number: GAA20CA079
Date & Time: 10/19/2019, 1110 EST
Registration: N2961W
Aircraft: Piper PA28
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional

Analysis

The student pilot reported that he was performing a solo training flight in the traffic pattern. During the landing flare, the airplane touched down hard and bounced about 20 ft left of the runway centerline. It subsequently exited the left side of the runway and entered a drainage culvert before it came to a stop. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the engine mount. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a hard, bounced landing, and his subsequent failure to maintain directional control, which resulted in a runway excursion and collision with a drainage culvert.

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Sloped/uneven terrain - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Hard landing
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Runway excursion
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 62, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/17/2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 34.6 hours (Total, all aircraft), 34.6 hours (Total, this make and model), 0.5 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N2961W
Model/Series: PA28 161
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1979
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28-7916594
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/03/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2325 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3774.4 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320-D3G
Registered Owner: PENN FLIGHT SCHOOL LLC
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: PENN FLIGHT SCHOOL LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KUKT, 526 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1600 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 189°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:   10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: 
Wind Direction: 190°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 30.32 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 2°C / -12°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Quakertown, PA (UKT)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Quakertown, PA (UKT)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1030 EST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: QUAKERTOWN (UKT)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 525 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 29
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3210 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 40.435278, -75.381944 (est)

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