Saturday, October 17, 2020

American Ranger AR-1, N147AR: Accident occurred October 21, 2019 at Brooksville-Tampa Bay Regional Airport (KBKV), Hernando County, Florida

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Tampa, Florida 

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Brooksville, FL 
Accident Number: GAA20CA044 
Date & Time: 10/21/2019, 0930 EDT
Registration: N147AR
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Miscellaneous/other
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that, during the takeoff roll, the gyroplane's rotor "flapped" and struck the rudder. He aborted the takeoff and taxied to the ramp without further incident. The gyroplane sustained substantial damage to the rudder. The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the gyroplane that would have precluded normal operation. The pilot stated that if he had aborted the takeoff at the first indication of a problem the accident could have been avoided.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to attain the proper rotor speed before takeoff, which resulted in the rotor blade striking the rudder. Contributing to the accident was the pilot's failure to abort the takeoff in a timely manner.


Prop/rotor parameters - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Use of equip/system - Pilot (Cause)
Delayed action - Pilot (Factor)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Miscellaneous/other (Defining event) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Sport Pilot
Age: 72, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Gyroplane
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed:No 
Medical Certification: Sport Pilot Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam:10/10/2019 
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 01/19/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 259 hours (Total, all aircraft), 191 hours (Total, this make and model), 204 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 12 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Registration: N147AR
Model/Series: AR-1
Aircraft Category: Gyroplane
Year of Manufacture: 2017
Amateur Built: Yes
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental Light Sport
Serial Number:0016
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 02/19/2019, Continuous Airworthiness
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1500 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 190 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Rotax
ELT: Not installed
Engine Model/Series: 912ULS
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 100 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBKV, 77 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1353 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 74°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 1500 ft agl
Visibility:   10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 8000 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction:90° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.99 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 23°C / 20°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Brooksville, FL (BKV)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Brooksville, FL (BKV)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0930 EST
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: Brooksville-Tampa Bay Rgnl (BKV)
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation:76 ft 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used:09
IFR Approach:None 
Runway Length/Width: 7001 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 28.473611, -82.455556 (est)

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