Tuesday, February 25, 2020

Landing Gear Not Configured: Cessna 510 Citation Mustang, N163TC; accident occurred February 20, 2020 at Daytona Beach International Airport (KDAB), Volusia County, Florida

Aircraft on the runway, left wing view. 
Federal Aviation Administration

Gear handle in the up position. 
Federal Aviation Administration

Underneath of airplane. 

Fire damage from sliding on runway. 

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Location: Daytona Beach, FL
Accident Number: ERA20CA125
Date & Time: 02/20/2020, 1245 EST
Registration: N163TC
Aircraft: Cessna 510
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing gear not configured
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The pilot was receiving a check ride from a designated pilot examiner for his single pilot rating in a turbine airplane. After a series of maneuvers, emergencies, and landings, the examiner asked the pilot to complete a no flap landing.

The pilot reported that he performed the before landing checklist with zero flaps and believed he put the gear down. During touch down, the pilot felt a thump and thought the airplane had a blown tire, however, when he saw the landing gear handle, it was in the up position. The pilot further reported that the landing gear warning horn did not sound, because the flaps were in the up position. The examiner confirmed the landing gear handle was in the up position. The pilot stated that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Examination of the airplane by a Federal Aviation Administration inspector revealed that the landing gear handle was found in the up position and the fuselage was substantially damaged. The landing gear was lowered and locked into place without issue after the airplane was lifted from the runway.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age:62, Male 
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Multi-engine Sea; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane; Helicopter
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/13/2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 12/12/2019
Flight Time:   2533 hours (Total, all aircraft), 90 hours (Total, this make and model), 2460 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 53 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 37 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 24 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Other Flight Crew Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 33, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/27/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  7500 hours (Total, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Model/Series: 510 No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:2007 
Amateur Built:No 
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number:510-0039 
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/01/2020, Continuous Airworthiness
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 8730 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 2 Turbo Fan
Airframe Total Time: 2380 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Pratt Whitney
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: 615R-A
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 1460 lbs
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KDAB, 41 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1753 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 77°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 2100 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts:  Light and Variable /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: Variable
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 30.06 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 24°C / 20°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Daytona Beach, FL (DAB)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: Daytona Beach, FL (DAB)
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time: 1152 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class C

Airport Information

Airport: Daytona Beach Intl (DAB)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt; Concrete
Airport Elevation:34 ft 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 07L
IFR Approach:None 
Runway Length/Width: 10500 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: On-Ground
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 29.181667, -81.054444 (est)

DAYTONA BEACH, Florida (WESH) – Two people are safe after the plane they were traveling in Thursday, February 20th, landed without landing gear at Daytona Beach International Airport.

The Cessna 510 Citation Mustang landed at the airport around 12:45 p.m.

Crews are working to remove the plane and inspect runways before it reopens.

It’s unclear when the runway will be able to be reopened and some flights had to be re-routed to other airports after the incident.

Original article can be found here ➤ https://www.wfla.com


  1. Holy mackerel! That's got to be embarrassing.

  2. Caught fire or created sparks on the slide?

    1. Sparks during the slide, some quiet time after stopping, then fire, fast control by the on scene fire crew. Video:


  3. A big thank you to the quick and effective fire crew!