Tuesday, February 25, 2020

Abnormal Runway Contact: Cessna 177RG Cardinal RG, N2763V; accident occurred February 18, 2020 at Spirit of St. Louis Airport KSUS St. Louis County, Missouri

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity: 

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; St. Ann, Missouri 

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


https://registry.faa.gov/N2763V


Location: Chesterfield, MO
Accident Number: CEN20LA095
Date & Time: 02/18/2020, 1850 CST
Registration: N2763V
Aircraft: Cessna 177RG
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

On February 18, 2020, about 1850 central standard time, a Cessna 177RG airplane, N2763V, sustained substantial damage during landing at the Spirit of St. Louis Airport (SUS), Chesterfield, Missouri. The student pilot and flight instructor were not injured. The airplane was registered to and operated by a private individual as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 instructional flight.

The flight instructor reported the landing gear selector handle was down and the gear down indicator (green) light was illuminated on short final. The right main landing gear appeared to be fully extended when viewed out the right-side window. After the airplane touched down on the runway, the landing gear collapsed.

The student pilot reported the flight instructor stated "green clear to land" as the airplane crossed the airport perimeter fence on final approach. The student pilot completed a before landing "GUMPS" check and placed his hand on the landing gear handle to ensure it was in the down position. Landing touchdown was "soft;" however, the airplane started "sinking" during the rollout. The belly of the airplane subsequently contacted the ground.

A postaccident examination of the landing gear system was conducted by a Federal Aviation Administration inspector with assistance from a local maintenance facility. The airplane was placed on jacks and the landing gear was retracted and extended 5 times with no anomalies noted. The landing gear system functioned normally, locking in both the up and down positions. The cockpit gear position indicator lights operated normally. The landing gear was actuated using the emergency extension system with no anomalies observed.

The airplane sustained extensive scraping damage to the lower fuselage, which included the aft, exterior portion of the nose landing gear doors, and the forward, outboard portion of the steps installed on the main landing gear struts. The main wheel tires appeared to exhibit normal wear and without any transverse abrasion.

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 51, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/05/2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  57 hours (Total, all aircraft), 48 hours (Total, this make and model), 14 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor
Age: 60, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s):None 
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/25/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/01/2018
Flight Time:  4322 hours (Total, all aircraft), 11 hours (Total, this make and model), 4163 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 73 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 23 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N2763V
Model/Series: 177RG No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1975
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number:177RG0687 
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 07/15/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.:2800 lbs 
Time Since Last Inspection: 56 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4231 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-A1B6D
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 200 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: SUS, 463 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1854 CST
Direction from Accident Site: 360°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 360°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: 
Altimeter Setting: 30.37 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 3°C / -4°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Chesterfield, MO (SUS)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Chesterfield, MO (SUS)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1800 CST
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: Spirit of St. Louis (SUS)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 463 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 26R
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5000 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 38.657222, -90.651111

Location: Chesterfield, MO

Accident Number: CEN20LA095
Date & Time: 02/18/2020, 1900 CST
Registration: N2763V
Aircraft: Cessna 177RG
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

On February 18, 2020, about 1900 central standard time, a Cessna 177RG airplane, N2763V, sustained substantial damage when the landing gear collapsed during landing rollout on runway 26R at the Spirit of St. Louis Airport (SUS), Chesterfield, Missouri. The student pilot and flight instructor were not injured. The airplane was registered to and operated by private individuals as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 instructional flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and the flight was not operated on a flight plan. The local flight originated from SUS about 1800.

The flight instructor reported that while on short final, he checked that the gear handle was down and the landing gear down indicator (green) light was illuminated. He looked out of the side window and the right landing gear appeared to be fully extended. The airplane touched down about 500 feet short of the 1,000-foot markers on runway 26R, and as the airplane was rolling out the landing gear collapsed.

The student pilot reported that the instructor "called out green clear to land" as the airplane crossed the airport perimeter fence on final approach. The student pilot completed a before landing "GUMPS" check and placed his hand on the landing gear lever to insure it was in the down position. Landing touchdown was "soft;" however, the airplane started "sinking" during the rollout. The belly of the airplane and the propeller subsequently contacted the ground.

Further examination of the landing gear is planned.

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N2763V
Model/Series: 177RG No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built: No
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: SUS, 463 ft msl
Observation Time: 1854 CST
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Temperature/Dew Point: 3°C / -4°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 8 knots / , 360°
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 30.37 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Departure Point: Chesterfield, MO (SUS)
Destination: Chesterfield, MO (SUS)

Wreckage and Impact Information


Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 38.662222, -90.651944 (est)

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