Saturday, January 18, 2020

Hard Landing: Cessna 172S Skyhawk SP, N882TC; Accident occurred December 26, 2019 at Ormond Beach Municipal Airport (KOMN), Volusia County, Florida

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Ormond Beach, Florida
Accident Number: ERA20CA078
Date & Time: December 26, 2019, 10:35 Local 
Registration: N882TC
Aircraft: Cessna 172 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional


The student pilot reported that, during his first solo flight and as the airplane approached to land, he flared too early. Instead of performing a go-around, the student pitched the airplane's nose down, which resulted in a hard landing on the nosewheel first. The airplane subsequently bounced, landed on the main wheels, and then stopped on the runway. The firewall and lower fuselage sustained substantial damage.

The Federal Aviation Administration inspector who examined the airplane reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures that would have precluded normal operation and that the student did not report any.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a hard landing.


Aircraft Landing flare - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Student/instructed pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Hard landing (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: None
Age: 23,Male
Airplane Rating(s): None 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: October 23, 2019
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 21 hours (Total, all aircraft), 21 hours (Total, this make and model), 1 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 21 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 17 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N882TC
Model/Series: 172 S 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2005
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 172S9880
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: December 9, 2019 100 hour 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2299 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 56 Hrs 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 5419.8 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91 installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-L2A
Registered Owner:
Rated Power: 180 Horsepower
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot school (141)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: OMN,28 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 10:50 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 3500 ft AGL 
Visibility 7 miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 5500 ft AGL 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots / Turbulence Type
Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 10°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.13 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 21°C / 20°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Ormond Beach, FL (OMN) 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Ormond Beach, FL (OMN)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 10:25 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: Ormond Beach Municipal Airport OMN
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 28 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 35 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3704 ft / 100 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop;Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 29.301111,-81.113891(est)

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