Tuesday, November 19, 2019

Loss of Engine Power (Partial): Cessna 172F Skyhawk, N211FC; accident occurred July 31, 2016 in Newark, Kendall County, Illinois

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entities: 

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; DuPage FSDO; Des Plaines, Illinois
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Nashville, Tennessee

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Location: Newark, IL
Accident Number: CEN16LA297
Date & Time: 07/31/2016, 1135 CDT
Registration: N211FC
Aircraft: CESSNA 172F
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of engine power (partial)
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On July 31, 2016, about 1135 central daylight time, a Cessna 172F airplane, N211FC, collided with a berm during a forced landing near Newark, Illinois. The private pilot was not injured, and the airplane was substantially damaged. The airplane was registered to the pilot and operated as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 personal flight without a flight plan. Day visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the cross-country flight that departed Wittman Regional Airport (OSH), Oshkosh, Wisconsin, about 0945, and had the intended destination of Morris Municipal Airport (C09), Morris, Illinois.

The pilot reported that the airplane experienced a sudden loss of engine power about 1 hour 50 minutes into the flight at a cruise altitude of 2,500 ft mean sea level. The engine continued to run but there was an excessive vibration and a significant loss of power. The pilot reported that he increased the fuel mixture to full-rich, confirmed that the fuel selector was positioned to draw fuel from both fuel tanks, and verified that the ignition switch was selected to both. He did not engage the carburetor heat. There was no improvement to engine performance; however, the oil temperature and oil pressure gauges were indicating normal readings. The pilot reported that the engine eventually began to make a "squeaking" noise as it continued to run. The pilot stated that he made a forced landing to an open field because the engine was not producing enough power to maintain altitude. The airplane's nose landing gear collapsed when it impacted a berm during landing roll, and the airplane came to rest in a nose down attitude. The engine firewall and lower fuselage structure were damaged when the nose landing gear collapsed.

The engine was examined by a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Inspector after the airplane had been recovered from the field. The FAA Inspector reported that although the engine crankshaft could be rotated by hand, it could not complete a full turn. The upper spark plugs were removed and examined. The upper spark plugs for cylinder Nos. 1-3 exhibited features consistent with normal operation. The upper and lower spark plugs for the No. 4 cylinder exhibited significant impact damage. The No. 4 cylinder was removed and revealed significant impact damage to the piston face and the top of the piston chamber. The No. 4 exhaust valve was not located in its normal position in the cylinder head. A portion of the exhaust valve was found embedded in the cylinder head. Another portion of the exhaust valve and the valve stem were found in the left muffler. About ½ of the No. 4 exhaust valve was located during the examination, and the recovered portions exhibited significant impact damage.

The airplane was powered by a 145-horsepower, 6-cylinder, Continental O-300-D reciprocating engine, serial number 28231-D-3-D. The most recent annual inspection was completed on January 26, 2016. At the time of the accident, the engine had accumulated 2,146.9 hours since its last major overhaul that was completed on January 6, 1989. According to available maintenance documentation, the No. 4 cylinder exhaust valve had not been repaired or replaced since the last engine overhaul. According to the engine maintenance manual, the recommended time between overhaul (TBO) for the O-300-D engine is every 1,800 hours or 12 years, whichever occurs first. FAA regulations do not require Part 91 operators to comply with an engine manufacturer's recommended TBO interval provided the engine meets annual inspection requirements.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 63, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/05/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 10/22/2015
Flight Time:  1267 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1263 hours (Total, this make and model), 1136 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 21 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 18 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Registration: N211FC
Aircraft Category:Airplane 
Year of Manufacture: 1965
Amateur Built:No 
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17253173
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/26/2016, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 31 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 5036.3 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-300-D
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 145 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: C09, 584 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 12 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1135 CDT
Direction from Accident Site: 149°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 2600 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 3 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 80°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.04 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 26°C / 19°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Oshkosh, WI (OSH)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Morris, IL (C09)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0945 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 41.582500, -88.542222 (est)

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