Friday, September 13, 2019

Piper PA-34-200T, N328RG: Accident occurred September 11, 2019 at Kingman Airport - Clyde Cessna Field (9K8), Kingman County, Kansas

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Wichita, Kansas

Aviation Accident Preliminary Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Kingman, KS
Accident Number: CEN19LA315
Date & Time: 09/11/2019, 1236 CDT
Registration: N328RG
Aircraft: Piper PA34
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On September 11, 2019, about 1236 central daylight time, a Piper PA-34-200T airplane, N328RG, made a wheels-up landing on runway 18 at Kingman Airport (9K8), Kingman, Kansas. The airline transport pilot was not injured, and the airplane was substantially damaged. The airplane was registered to and operated by Aircraft Resource Management LLC as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 91 flight. Day visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed for the personal flight that departed Wichita Dwight D Eisenhower National Airport (ICT), Wichita, Kansas, about 1130.

The pilot reported that he placed the landing gear selector handle to the gear-down position when the airplane was on the downwind leg for runway 18 at 9K8, and that he performed a "before landing check" while turning base to final. The pilot stated that as the airplane crossed over the runway threshold at 50 ft he reduced both throttle levers to idle for landing and the gear unsafe warning horn sounded. The pilot stated that he saw the gear safe indicator lights were not illuminated, and immediately advanced engine power for a go-around. The pilot then asked another pilot, who had just landed, to confirm the position of the airplane's landing gear. The pilot on the ground confirmed that all three landing gear were retracted.

The pilot reported that he departed the traffic pattern, flew west of the airport, and climbed to 2,500 ft mean sea level (msl) to troubleshoot the landing gear malfunction. He verified that the navigation lights were turned off because they automatically dim the landing gear indicator lights for nighttime flying. The pilot then noticed that the 25-ampere circuit breaker for the landing gear hydraulic motor was tripped. The pilot reset the circuit breaker and then selected gear down; however, the circuit breaker tripped. The pilot returned to the airport for a second time and asked the pilot on the ground to confirm the position of the landing gear. The pilot on the ground confirmed that the landing gear remained retracted.

The pilot then referred to the pilot operating handbook (POH) emergency landing gear extension procedure. The manual extension of the landing gear only requires the hydraulic pressure to be released from the system, which allows the landing gear to drop due to gravity and is assisted by spring force. The hydraulic pressure in the system is released by pulling an emergency lever in the cockpit. The pilot reported that he was unable to manually extend the landing gear using the emergency procedure, and the pilot on the ground confirmed that the landing gear remained retracted.

The pilot continued to circle the airport while he continued to troubleshoot the landing gear system malfunction. He stated that he made multiple attempts to extend the landing gear by inducing g-loads without success. The pilot made another pass over the runway and the pilot on the ground again confirmed that the landing gear were still retracted.

The pilot, now concerned about having minimum fuel, asked the pilot on the ground to call 911 and ask for emergency crews to be sent to the airport. The pilot also radioed the ICT approach controller, declared an emergency, and told the controller that he planned to make a wheels-up landing at 9K8. The pilot reported that he extended the wing flaps for the wheels-up landing. The pilot stated that as the airplane neared touchdown a gust of wind caused the airplane to balloon to 10 ft above the runway, which was followed by a hard landing on the runway.

The airport manager, who is also an aviation mechanic, reported that the airplane was hoisted using straps and a crane. The airport manager reported that the landing gear extended as the airplane was hoisted off the runway surface. The landing gear fell into a down-and-locked position and the airplane was subsequently towed to the pilot's hangar. The airplane was retained for additional examination and testing of the landing gear extension/retraction system.

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N328RG
Model/Series: PA34 200T
Aircraft Category:Airplane 
Amateur Built: No
Operator: Aircraft Resource Management, LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: HUT, 1543 ft msl
Observation Time: 1252 CDT
Distance from Accident Site: 27 Nautical Miles
Temperature/Dew Point: 32°C / 20°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 17 knots / , 190°
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 30.01 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Departure Point: Wichita, KS (ICT)
Destination: Kingman, KS (9K8) 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 37.669167, -98.123889 (est)

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