Tuesday, July 02, 2019

Hard Landing: Sky Raider Super, N413MC; accident occurred June 29, 2019 at Lt. Warren Eaton Airport (KOIC), Norwich, Chenango County, New York

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Latham, New York

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Location: Norwich, NY

Accident Number: GAA19CA380
Date & Time: 06/29/2019, 0945 EDT
Registration: N413MC
Aircraft: Howard Steven C SUPER
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Flight Test 


The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, during landing on grass adjacent to a runway, he reduced the power to glide for landing. He added that the airplane then "dropped" and landed hard and that the right landing gear collapsed. He also stated that he should have "kept more power" and chosen not to glide.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage and right wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a hard landing.


Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Hard landing (Defining event)
Landing gear collapse

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 79, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Sport Pilot With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/01/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 02/23/2017
Flight Time: (Estimated) 415 hours (Total, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Howard Steven C
Registration: N413MC
Model/Series: SUPER
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2015
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental
Serial Number: SSR 04814
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/02/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1200 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 71.27 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Rotax
ELT: C91 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: 912ULS2
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 95 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBGM, 1638 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 29 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1353 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 224°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 11000 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 240°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.07 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 19°C / 17°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: Light - Rain
Departure Point: Norwich, NY (OIC)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Norwich, NY (OIC)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0930 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 1024 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Vegetation
Runway Used: 01
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4727 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 42.563611, -75.524167

NORWICH (WBNG) — Emergency crews responded to a report of a small plane landing hard at the Lt. Warren Eaton Airport Saturday morning.

The City of Norwich/Chenango County Emergencies Operations Center says the experimental aircraft was damaged after landing on the grass between the runway and taxiway, but the only occupant, the pilot, was not injured.

Authorities say the incident occurred around 9:30 a.m.

The operations center says the incident is currently being investigated by the Chenango County Sheriff’s Office and Federal Aviation Administration.

The Norwich Fire Department, City of Norwich Emergency Management, Chenango County Bureau of Fire, Chenango County Sheriff’s Office, and New York State Police responded to the incident.

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