Tuesday, July 2, 2019

Hard Landing: Piper PA-28-180, N7855W, accident occurred May 09, 2019 at Wilgrove Air Park (8A6), Charlotte, Mecklenburg County, North Carolina

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Charlotte, North Carolina

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

https://registry.faa.gov/N7855W

Location: Charlotte, NC
Accident Number: GAA19CA280
Date & Time: 05/09/2019, 1300 EDT
Registration: N7855W
Aircraft: PIPER PA28
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The student pilot reported that, during landing to a 40 ft wide runway, a wind gust pushed the airplane to the left. While correcting back to centerline, the flight instructor mentioned that they were slow, so the student added power. While on short final, the instructor told him to initiate a go around and to "go full power", and the student initiated a climb. He heard the stall warning horn and the instructor told him to "get the nose down." As the student lowered the nose, he felt a hard "bump" as the airplane touched down on the runway. The airplane veered left, struck vegetation, and spun around.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

The flight instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The automated weather observation station, located about 11 miles north, reported that, about 10 minutes before the accident, the wind was from 190° at 9 knots. The student pilot landed the airplane on runway 17. 

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 72, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Glider
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/02/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 02/08/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 2202 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1600 hours (Total, this make and model), 32.6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 9 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 68, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/18/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 124.7 hours (Total, all aircraft), 90 hours (Total, this make and model), 11 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 13 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: PIPER
Registration: N7855W
Model/Series: PA28 180
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1964
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28-1875
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats:4 
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/08/2019, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3302 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-360-A3A
Registered Owner: Metrology Services Inc
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: Alpha One Air Service, LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KJQF, 705 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 11 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1550 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 350°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 3100 ft agl
Visibility (RVR): 
Wind Speed/Gusts: 9 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 190°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.15 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 26°C / 16°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Monroe, NC (EQY)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Charlotte, NC (8A6)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1245 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Airport Information

Airport: WILGROVE AIR PARK (8A6)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 799 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 17
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2835 ft / 40 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Go Around; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 35.213056, -80.668056 (est)

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