Sunday, June 9, 2019

Landing Area Undershoot: Taylorcraft F-19 Sportsman, N3570T, accident occurred June 25, 2018 in Goose Bay, Alaska

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Anchorage, Alaska

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N3570T

Location: Goose Bay, AK 
Accident Number: GAA18CA375
Date & Time: 06/25/2018, 0030 AKD
Registration: N3570T
Aircraft: Taylorcraft F19
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing area undershoot
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis 

The pilot of the float-equipped airplane reported that, during a flight at dusk with high, gray overcast clouds, he circled over a lake and began the approach to land. He added that his depth perception was off, he misjudged the approach, and the airplane struck a tree.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The automated weather observation station located about 6 miles northwest of the accident site reported that, about 23 minutes after the accident, the wind was calm, scattered clouds at 4,100 ft, and overcast clouds at 6,000 ft. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be: 
The pilot's failure to maintain a proper approach path during landing in dusky, flat light conditions, which resulted in a tree strike. 

Findings

Aircraft
Descent/approach/glide path - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)
Perception - Pilot

Environmental issues
Flat light - Effect on personnel (Cause)
Tree(s) - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach
Miscellaneous/other

Landing
Landing area undershoot (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Commercial
Age: 22, Male
Airplane Rating(s):  Multi-engine Land; Multi-engine Sea; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/30/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 06/16/2018
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 2952 hours (Total, all aircraft), 75 hours (Total, this make and model), 900 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 275 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 87 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Taylorcraft
Registration: N3570T
Model/Series: F19 No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:1975 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: F-031
Landing Gear Type: Float;
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/18/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1550 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1102 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-200-A
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 100 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Dusk
Observation Facility, Elevation: PAAQ, 230 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 6 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0853 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 308°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 4100 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 6000 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.89 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 12°C / 8°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Anchorage, AK (LHD)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Anchorage, AK
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 2315 AKD
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 61.538056, -148.938056 (est)

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