Sunday, June 09, 2019

Beech D17S Staggerwing, N61862: Accident occurred June 22, 2018 at Ravalli County Airport (6S5), Hamilton, Montana

Rick Livingston of Hamilton stands next to his Beech D17S Staggerwing at the Ravalli County Airport.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Helena, Montana

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Hamilton, MT
Accident Number: GAA18CA372
Date & Time: 06/22/2018, 1000 MDT
Registration: N61862
Aircraft: Beech D17
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event:
Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal


The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, during the landing roll, the airplane veered right. He added that he was unable to correct with left rudder because his foot had become stuck under the left rudder pedal. The airplane exited the runway to the right, impacted a ditch, and came to rest inverted.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing and empennage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be: 
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during the landing roll and his subsequent inability to recover due to his foot being stuck.


Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll
Loss of control on ground

Attempted remediation/recovery
Runway excursion
Nose over/nose down 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor
Age: 66, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/06/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 06/07/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 5400 hours (Total, all aircraft), 3 hours (Total, this make and model), 4000 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Beech
Registration: N61862
Model/Series: D17 S
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 4877
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/01/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 4250 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1650 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: P&W
ELT: C91  installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: R-985
Registered Owner: Livingston, Richard A.
Rated Power: 450 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMSO, 3189 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 40 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1614 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 2°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 1000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.04 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 18°C / 14°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Hamilton, MT (6S5)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Hamilton, MT (6S5)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0930 MDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 3644 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 16
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4200 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  46.254167, -114.125556 (est)

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