Monday, May 06, 2019

Hard Landing: Parrakeet A4 Replica, N27Q; accident occurred May 04, 2019 at Faribault Municipal Airport (KFBL), Rice County, Minnesota

View of damaged left wing and empennage

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Minneapolis, Minnesota

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Accident Number: GAA19CA243
Date & Time: 05/04/2019, 1428 CDT
Registration: N27Q
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal


The pilot of the biplane reported that, while on short final, immediately after crossing the end of the runway and while about 10 ft above ground level, he increased the throttle setting to maintain 60 mph. He added that, about 5 to 8 ft above the ground, the airplane "sank rapidly" and landed hard, and the right landing gear collapsed. Subsequently, the airplane veered right, exited the runway, and nosed over.

The biplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing and empennage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the biplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper landing flare with a left crosswind, which resulted in a hard landing, collapsed landing gear, runway excursion, and nose-over.


Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Crosswind - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Hard landing (Defining event)
Landing gear collapse
Loss of control on ground
Runway excursion
Nose over/nose down

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 47, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Single
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present:No 
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/14/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 07/11/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 351 hours (Total, all aircraft), 35 hours (Total, this make and model), 308 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: HANSON
Registration: N27Q
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1978
Amateur Built: Yes
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental
Serial Number: JH100
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 1
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/04/2018, Condition
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 901 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 662.6 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Not installed
Engine Model/Series:O-200-A 
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 100 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held:None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light:Day 
Observation Facility, Elevation: KOWA, 1146 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 13 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1935 UTC
Direction from Accident Site:170° 
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 9 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 230°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting:
Temperature/Dew Point:
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Rochester, MN (RST)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Faribault, MN (FBL)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1330 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Faribault Muni-Liz Wall Strohf (FBL)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation:1060 ft 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 30
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4257 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries:1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 44.328889, -93.313056 (est)

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