Saturday, August 18, 2018

Hard Landing: Cessna 172R, N984BT, accident occurred July 08, 2018 at Beaver County Airport (KBVI), Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Beaver Falls, PA
Accident Number: GAA18CA498
Date & Time: 07/08/2018, 1600 EDT
Registration: N984BT
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional  

The solo student pilot reported that her first approach was unstable, and she aborted the landing. During the subsequent approach, while on the downwind leg, the tower controller advised her to be cautious of wake turbulence. She continued the approach and during landing, the airplane bounced twice. She attempted to abort the landing, but the propeller struck the ground. She discontinued the aborted landing, and she established a landing roll. She was able to taxi the airplane to parking.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the forward lower fuselage longerons and bulkheads.

The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 18
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/06/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 70.4 hours (Total, all aircraft), 70.4 hours (Total, this make and model), 2.9 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 14.9 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 10.4 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1.4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N984BT
Model/Series: 172 R
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1998
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17280431
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO360 SER
Registered Owner: Moore Aviation Inc.
Rated Power:
Operator: Moore Aviation Inc.
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBVI, 1252 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Observation Time:1247 UTC 
Direction from Accident Site: 230°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR): 
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: 130°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 30.38 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 19°C / 11°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Meadville, PA (GKJ)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Meadville, PA (GKJ)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time:  EDT
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: Beaver County (BVI)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1252 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 10
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4501 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Go Around

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  40.772500, -80.391389 (est)

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