Thursday, April 5, 2018

Cessna 172R Skyhawk, N803BW, registered to and operated by Bridgewater State University: Accident occurred March 29, 2018 at New Bedford Regional Airport (KEWB), Bristol County, Massachusetts

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Boston, Massachusetts

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


http://registry.faa.gov/N803BW

Analysis

The student pilot reported that, during a solo flight, as he flared for landing, the airplane "hit" the runway hard. He added that the airplane porpoised about 7 or 8 times before settling on the runway. He then taxied the airplane to the parking ramp with no further incident.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage.

The chief flight instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure to maintain a proper landing flare, which resulted in a porpoised landing. 

Findings

Aircraft
Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-flare/touchdown
Abnormal runway contact (Defining event)

Location: New Bedford, MA
Accident Number: GAA18CA199
Date & Time: 03/29/2018, 0935 EDT
Registration: N803BW
Aircraft: CESSNA 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The student pilot reported that, during a solo flight, as he flared for landing, the airplane "hit" the runway hard. He added that, the airplane porpoised about 7 or 8 times before settling on the runway. He then taxied the airplane to the parking ramp with no further incident.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage.

The chief flight instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 20, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/11/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 77 hours (Total, all aircraft), 77 hours (Total, this make and model), 3 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 30 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N803BW
Model/Series: 172 R
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1999
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17280773
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 02/19/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2450 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 6961 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360 L2A
Registered Owner: BRIDGEWATER STATE UNIVERSITY
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: BRIDGEWATER STATE UNIVERSITY
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KEWB, 80 ft msl
Observation Time: 1353 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 154°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Temperature/Dew Point: 11°C / 4°C
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 3900 ft agl
Visibility: 10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 4 knots, 150°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.07 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: New Bedford, MA (EWB)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Company VFR
Destination: New Bedford, MA (EWB)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0800 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: NEW BEDFORD RGNL (EWB)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 79 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 32
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5000 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 41.676944, -70.958611 (est)

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