Thursday, April 26, 2018

Cessna 152, N89904: Accident occurred April 25, 2018 near Cullman Regional Airport (KCMD), Alabama

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Birmingham, Alabama

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Cullman, AL
Accident Number: CEN18LA151
Date & Time: 04/25/2018, 1714 CDT
Registration: N89904
Aircraft: CESSNA 152
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of engine power (total)
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On April 25, 2018, at 1714 central daylight time, a Cessna 152 airplane, N89904, was substantially damaged during a forced landing after departing from Cullman Regional Airport (CMD), Cullman, Alabama. The pilot sustained minor injuries. The airplane was registered to and operated by Guest Aviation LLC under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight. Day visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight, which departed about 1709 and was destined for Northeast Alabama Regional Airport (GAD), Gadsden, Alabama.

According to the pilot, he departed CMD and climbed to about 2,500 ft above ground level. As he pulled the mixture control toward a lean position for cruise flight, the engine lost power. He pushed the mixture control to a full rich position and attempted unsuccessfully to restart the engine.

The pilot stated that the propeller continued to rotate after the engine lost power. Without an easily accessible engine restart checklist to reference, he relied on memory during the engine restart attempt. The pilot stated he "went through the emergency check, which included the avionics, master switch, fuel selector valve, mixture, and the primer…. although the engine was attempting to restart, it never regained full power".

The pilot did not activate carburetor heat during the flight and thought the throttle lever probably remained at a cruise power setting after the engine lost power. After one restart attempt, he turned his attention to maintaining a proper glide speed and searched for a forced landing area. After identifying a suitable area, he executed a forced landing into a field, during which the airplane nosed over and damaged the right wing.

Examination of the airplane at the accident site revealed the carburetor heat control was in the off position. The engine was started and ran normally at various power settings. No anomalies were noted with the engine or fuel system.

The recorded temperature and dew point data from a nearby weather station were plotted on a carburetor icing chart. The charted data showed that the weather was conducive to moderate icing at cruise power and serious icing at descent power about the time of the engine power loss.

According to the Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge:

When conditions are conducive to carburetor icing during flight, periodic checks should be made to detect its presence. If detected, full carburetor heat should be applied immediately, and it should be left in the ON position until you are certain that all the ice has been removed. If ice is present, applying partial heat or leaving heat on for an insufficient time might aggravate the situation. In extreme cases of carburetor icing, even after the ice has been removed, full carburetor heat should be used to prevent further ice formation. A carburetor temperature gauge, if installed, is very useful in determining when to use carburetor heat. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 20, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/07/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/22/2018
Flight Time:  135 hours (Total, all aircraft), 72 hours (Total, this make and model), 90 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 36 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 15 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Registration: N89904
Model/Series: 152 NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1978
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 15282911
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/03/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1669 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 52 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 10878 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Installed, activated, aided in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: O-235 SERIES
Registered Owner: GUEST AVIATION LLC
Rated Power: 135 hp
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: K3A1, 963 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 13 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1715 EDT
Direction from Accident Site: 302°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility: 10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:  None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 6 knots / 15 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 330°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.98 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 22°C / 9°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: CULLMAN, AL (CMD)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: GADSDEN, AL (GAD)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1709 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class E

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 34.152778, -86.634722 (est)

HANCEVILLE, Ala. — Amber Barnett was walking down to her mailbox Wednesday, when she saw a small white plane crash into the field in front of her Holly Pond home.

Barnett says she saw the plane hit a ditch in the field and flip over.

“It scared me to death because the nurse in me wanted to go help the pilot but I was scared the plane was going to explode. So I kind of rocked back and forth in the road for a while,” Barnett explained.

She called her husband Brandon, and then walked over to the plane, where she saw a man in his young 20’s step out of the overturned aircraft.

“I was probably 30 yards from the plane when I saw him come out of the door and stand up and I said are you okay and he started walking toward me and was just asking for a telephone,” she said.

The young man is a student in the flight school at Wallace State Community College. The college, along with local authorities, are not releasing his name.

“I kept saying 'are you okay, are you okay? Did you hit your head? Did you have a helmet on?'” recalled Barnett. “And he said, 'I’m fine. I’m fine.' A while after the accident I went back to him and said 'are you sure you’re okay?' and he simply raised up his pants leg and had a small scratch on his leg…I was amazed. I was terrified went I went towards him, what I was going to find. So I was amazed he was okay.”

The National Transportation Safety Board is investigating now. A spokesman tells ABC 33/40 the pilot reported a problem with the engine, before landing here in the empty field.

“I was expecting the worst,” added Brandon Barnett. ‘I was amazed he got up and walked around.”

Barnett went on to explain how the young man appeared shaken. He and his wife were also in shock, after witnessing the plane crash so close to their home.

The NTSB told ABC 33/40 it is working to determine why the engine lost power. It is expected to complete the investigation in the next three to six months.

Story and video ➤

CULLMAN COUNTY, Ala. (WIAT) - A single-engine plane crash in Cullman County has resulted in one person being hospitalized with minor injuries, according to Cullman County EMA.

The Cessna 152 crashed near Holly Pond, losing engine power and flipping over after landing in a field in Cullman around 7:55 p.m. on Wednesday, according to the FAA. 

The pilot ended up with minor injuries and was transported to Cullman Regional Hospital, where they were released after a short time.

The pilot of the plane rented it from Wallace State, who leases the aircraft, according to Kristen Holmes, director of Communications and Marketing at Wallace State Community College.

Story and video ➤

The EMA confirms a small, single-engine plane has crashed near Holly Pond in northeastern Cullman County.

Wallace State Community College president Vicki Karolewics confirmed the pilot is a student.

The college leases the planes used in the aviation program.

The pilot has minor injuries and was transported to Cullman Regional.

The FAA is investigating the crash.

Story and comments ➤

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