Thursday, November 9, 2017

Cessna 140, N76238: Accident occurred November 08, 2017 at Macon Downtown Airport (KMCN), Bibb County, Georgia

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Atlanta, Georgia

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 

Clear Blue Sky Aviation LLC: http://registry.faa.gov/N76238

Location: Macon, GA
Accident Number: GAA18CA047
Date & Time: 11/08/2017, 1440 EST
Registration: N76238
Aircraft: CESSNA 140
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

Analysis


The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, during a wheel landing touch-and-go in crosswind conditions, as power was applied for takeoff, the airplane "hopped to the right and then to the left." He added that he applied "normal downward pressure to lift the tail and maintain a level attitude," but as he did so, the airplane continued to pitch forward and nosed over on the runway.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to vertical stabilizer and windscreen.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's incorrect pitch control during takeoff, which resulted in a nose-over.

Findings

Aircraft 

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Nose over/nose down

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial; Private
Age: 59, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Multi-engine Sea; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/01/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/17/2017
Flight Time: (Estimated) 5200 hours (Total, all aircraft), 81 hours (Total, this make and model), 5182 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 70 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 22 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1.6 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Pilot-Rated Passenger Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 41, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 06/01/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 
Flight Time: 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N76238
Model/Series: 140 G
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1946
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 10641
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 04/16/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4270 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: C-85-12
Registered Owner: CLEAR BLUE SKY AVIATION LLC.
Rated Power: 85 hp
Operator: CLEAR BLUE SKY AVIATION LLC.
Operating Certificate(s) Held:  None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMCN, 436 ft msl
Observation Time: 1953 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 9 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 230°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Temperature/Dew Point: 22°C / 17°C
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 2000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 3 knots, 100°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.98 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Macon, GA (MAC)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Macon, GA (MAC)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1330 EST
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Airport Information

Airport: MACON DOWNTOWN (MAC)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 436 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 10
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4694 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing:  Touch and Go; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  32.821667, -83.561944 (est) Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Atlanta, Georgia


Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 

Clear Blue Sky Aviation LLC: http://registry.faa.gov/N76238

Location: Macon, GA
Accident Number: GAA18CA047
Date & Time: 11/08/2017, 1440 EST
Registration: N76238
Aircraft: CESSNA 140
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, during a wheel landing touch-and-go in crosswind conditions, as power was applied for takeoff, the airplane "hopped to the right and then to the left." He added that he applied "normal downward pressure to lift the tail and maintain a level attitude," but as he did so, the airplane continued to pitch forward and nosed over on the runway.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to vertical stabilizer and windscreen.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial; Private
Age: 59, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Multi-engine Sea; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/01/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/17/2017
Flight Time: (Estimated) 5200 hours (Total, all aircraft), 81 hours (Total, this make and model), 5182 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 70 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 22 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1.6 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Pilot-Rated Passenger Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 41, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 06/01/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 
Flight Time: 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N76238
Model/Series: 140 G
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1946
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 10641
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 04/16/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4270 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: C-85-12
Registered Owner: CLEAR BLUE SKY AVIATION LLC.
Rated Power: 85 hp
Operator: CLEAR BLUE SKY AVIATION LLC.
Operating Certificate(s) Held:  None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMCN, 436 ft msl
Observation Time: 1953 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 9 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 230°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Temperature/Dew Point: 22°C / 17°C
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 2000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 3 knots, 100°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.98 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Macon, GA (MAC)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Macon, GA (MAC)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1330 EST
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Airport Information

Airport: MACON DOWNTOWN (MAC)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 436 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 10
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4694 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing:  Touch and Go; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  32.821667, -83.561944 (est)

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