Thursday, August 24, 2017

Bellanca 8GCBC, N181TM: Accident occurred August 23, 2017 at Resort Airport (0AL1), Foley, Baldwin County, Alabama

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Birmingham, Alabama

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 

http://registry.faa.gov/N181TM

Location: Foley, AL
Accident Number: GAA17CA537
Date & Time: 08/23/2017, 0855 CDT
Registration: N181TM
Aircraft: BELLANCA 8GCBC
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Miscellaneous/other
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Banner Tow 

Analysis

The pilot reported that, during banner towing operations, he was on approach to drop the banner and pulled the tow release, but the banner did not release. The banner hit the ground and broke away from the airplane, and the airplane nosed over.

The release mechanism has three hooks, but they typically only use the No. 1 hook. Postaccident examination of the hook release mechanism did not reveal any anomalies that would have prevented the banner from being released. The pilot believed that the ground crew mistakenly set up the No. 3 hook to pick up and tow the banner instead of the No. 1 hook. Therefore, when he went to release the banner from the No.1 hook, there was nothing to release.

Postaccident examination of the airplane revealed substantial damage to the empennage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The ground crew's incorrect hook up of the banner, which resulted in a nose-over.

Findings

Aircraft
Misc hardware - Incorrect use/operation (Cause)

Personnel issues
Use of equip/info - Ground crew (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Prior to flight
Miscellaneous/other (Defining event)

Landing
Nose over/nose down

The pilot reported that during banner towing operations, he was on approach to drop the banner. He pulled the tow release, but the banner did not release. The banner hit the ground, broke away from the airplane, and the airplane nosed over.

The release mechanism has three hooks, but they typically only use the No. 1 hook. A postaccident examination of the hook release mechanism did not reveal any anomalies that would have prevented the banner from being released. The pilot believed that the ground crew mistakenly set-up hook No.3 to pick up and tow the banner instead of No. 1. Therefore, when he went to release the banner from hook No.1, there was nothing to release.

A postaccident examination of the airplane revealed substantial damage to the empennage.

The pilot reported no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 33, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/28/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 1066 hours (Total, all aircraft), 732 hours (Total, this make and model), 1066 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 475.3 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 145.6 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 5.9 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: BELLANCA
Registration: N181TM
Model/Series: 8GCBC NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1974
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 114-74
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 08/16/2017, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2150 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 5909 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O&VO-360 SER
Registered Owner: Mike Collins
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: Adroaldo Begrow
Operating Certificate(s) Held:  Certificate of Authorization or Waiver (COA) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KJKA, 16 ft msl
Observation Time: 1355 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 9 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site:  184°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 28°C / 26°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 5 knots, 350°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.99 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration:  No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Foley, AL (0AL1)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Foley, AL (0AL1)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0800 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport:  RESORT (0AL1)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 97 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 35
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2640 ft / 70 ft
VFR Approach/Landing:  None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries:  1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  30.444444, -87.659722 (est) Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Birmingham, Alabama

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 

http://registry.faa.gov/N181TM

Location: Foley, AL
Accident Number: GAA17CA537
Date & Time: 08/23/2017, 0855 CDT
Registration: N181TM
Aircraft: BELLANCA 8GCBC
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Miscellaneous/other
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Banner Tow 

The pilot reported that during banner towing operations, he was on approach to drop the banner. He pulled the tow release, but the banner did not release. The banner hit the ground, broke away from the airplane, and the airplane nosed over.

The release mechanism has three hooks, but they typically only use the No. 1 hook. A postaccident examination of the hook release mechanism did not reveal any anomalies that would have prevented the banner from being released. The pilot believed that the ground crew mistakenly set-up hook No.3 to pick up and tow the banner instead of No. 1. Therefore, when he went to release the banner from hook No.1, there was nothing to release.

A postaccident examination of the airplane revealed substantial damage to the empennage.

The pilot reported no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 33, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/28/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 1066 hours (Total, all aircraft), 732 hours (Total, this make and model), 1066 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 475.3 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 145.6 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 5.9 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: BELLANCA
Registration: N181TM
Model/Series: 8GCBC NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1974
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 114-74
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 08/16/2017, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2150 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 5909 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O&VO-360 SER
Registered Owner: Mike Collins
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: Adroaldo Begrow
Operating Certificate(s) Held:  Certificate of Authorization or Waiver (COA) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KJKA, 16 ft msl
Observation Time: 1355 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 9 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site:  184°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 28°C / 26°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 5 knots, 350°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.99 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration:  No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Foley, AL (0AL1)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Foley, AL (0AL1)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0800 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport:  RESORT (0AL1)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 97 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 35
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2640 ft / 70 ft
VFR Approach/Landing:  None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries:  1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  30.444444, -87.659722 (est)

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