Monday, March 21, 2022

Loss of Control on Ground: Luscombe 8A Silvaire, N1953B; accident occurred March 20, 2022 at Kirk Field Airport (KPGR), Paragould, Greene County, Arkansas

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Little Rock, Arkansas 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Paragould, Arkansas 
Accident Number: CEN22LA174
Date and Time: March 20, 2022, 10:18 Local 
Registration: N1953B
Aircraft: Luscombe 8A 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground 
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional


The student pilot reported that he completed four uneventful touch-and-go landings. During the fifth and final landing, the airplane touched down onto the runway and bounced. During recovery, a crosswind lifted the left wing. The airplane ground looped, nosed over, and came to rest inverted. The firewall and rudder sustained substantial damage. The pilot reported that there were no mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane or engine that would have precluded normal operations.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot’s failure to maintain directional control during landing which resulted in a ground loop.


Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Other weather encounter
Landing Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Landing Nose over/nose down

Pilot Information

Certificate: Student 
Age: 46,Male
Airplane Rating(s): None 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None 
Second Pilot Present:
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 3 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: August 18, 2021
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 31 hours (Total, all aircraft), 31 hours (Total, this make and model), 2 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Luscombe
Registration: N1953B
Model/Series: 8A 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1948 
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 6380
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: March 7, 2022 Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1260 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 4 Hrs 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2715 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental Motors
ELT: C126 installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: A65
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 65 Horsepower
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KJBR,259 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 15 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 09:53 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 206°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.26 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 13°C / 6°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Paragould, AR
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Paragould, AR
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time:
Type of Airspace: Unknown

Airport Information

Airport: Kirk Field PGR 
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 290 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 22 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4500 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop; Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 36.0638,-90.50919

Aircraft was landing, experienced a crosswind, bounced, ground looped and flipped over. 

Date: 20-MAR-22
Time: 15:18:00Z
Regis#: N1953B
Aircraft Make: LUSCOMBE
Aircraft Model: 8A
Event Type: ACCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91

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