Monday, March 21, 2022

Piper PA-12 Super Cruiser, N223CG: Incident occurred March 20, 2022 and Accident occurred June 22, 2016

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Antonio, Texas

March 20, 2022:  Aircraft was back taxiing and veered off runway down an embankment into trees at Lakeway Airpark (3R9),  Travis County, Texas. 


Date: 20-MAR-22
Time: 20:15:00Z
Regis#: N223CG
Aircraft Make: PIPER
Aircraft Model: PA12
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: TAXI (TXI)
Operation: 91
City: LAKEWAY
State: TEXAS





Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board
    
The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Antonio, Texas

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

ProMark Aviation Services


Location: Burnet, Texas
Accident Number: GAA16CA347
Date and Time: June 22, 2016, 16:15 Local
Registration: N223CG
Aircraft: Piper PA 12
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Fuel exhaustion 
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional

Analysis

The flight instructor of the amphibious float-equipped airplane reported that after an instructional lesson, while returning to the airport, the student pilot was too low "while turning base leg" of the traffic pattern so the student pilot moved the throttle forward to add power, but the engine did not respond. The flight instructor further reported that he took control of the airplane and made an off airport landing. During the landing, the airplane impacted a low hanging tree limb.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing.

A post-accident examination by the Federal Aviation Administration aviation safety inspector revealed that the fuel tanks contained less than one gallon of fuel on board the airplane.

The pilot reported that there were no preimpact mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airframe or engine that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure to maintain adequate fuel levels, which resulted in fuel starvation, a loss of engine power, and a forced landing. Contributing to the accident was the flight instructor's failure to monitor the fuel levels.

Findings

Aircraft Fuel - Fluid level
Personnel issues Fuel planning - Pilot
Personnel issues Fuel planning - Instructor/check pilot
Environmental issues Tree(s) - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach-VFR pattern base Fuel exhaustion (Defining event)
Approach-VFR pattern base Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Flight instructor Information

Certificate: Airline transport; Commercial; Flight instructor
Age: 37, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Single-engine sea; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Rear
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane multi-engine; Airplane single-engine; Instrument airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: June 16, 2015
Occupational Pilot: Yes 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: July 13, 2015
Flight Time: (Estimated) 2433 hours (Total, all aircraft), 196 hours (Total, this make and model), 2279 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 115 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 44 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Student pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 51, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: January 18, 2016
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: November 9, 2015
Flight Time: (Estimated) 330 hours (Total, all aircraft), 8 hours (Total, this make and model), 207 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 29 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 11 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper 
Registration: N223CG
Model/Series: PA 12 NO SERIES 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1946
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 12-2480
Landing Gear Type: N/A; Amphibian
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: April 27, 2016 100 hour 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1937 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4960.3 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320-B2B
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 150 Horsepower
Operator: On file 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBMQ, 1288 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 20:53 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 186°
Lowest Cloud Condition: 
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 5500 ft AGL
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 10 knots / 17 knots 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  / None
Wind Direction: 140° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.02 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 33°C / 19°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Burnet, TX (BMQ)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Company VFR
Destination: Burnet, TX (BMQ)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 14:30 Local
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: BURNET MUNI KATE CRADDOCK FIELD KBMQ
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1284 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: Forced landing; Full stop; Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 30.747222,-98.234443 (est)

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