Thursday, September 23, 2021

Piper PA-28R-200 Cherokee Arrow II, N3906X: Fatal accident occurred September 22, 2021 in Page, Coconino County, Arizona

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed.

The National Transportation Safety Board traveled to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entities:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Las Vegas, Nevada
Lycoming Engines; Williamsport, Pennsylvania
Piper Aircraft Company; Vero Beach, Florida 

Petersen Aircraft Inc


Location: Page, AZ
Accident Number: WPR21FA352
Date & Time: September 22, 2021, 16:24 Local
Registration: N3906X
Aircraft: Piper PA-28R-200 
Injuries: 1 Fatal, 1 Serious
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal

On September 22, 2021, about 1624 mountain standard time, a Piper PA-28R-200, N3906X, was substantially damaged when it was involved in an accident near Page, Arizona. The pilot was fatally injured and the passenger sustained serious injuries. The airplane was operated as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 personal flight.

Automatic dependent surveillance broadcast (ADS-B) data obtained from the Federal Aviation Administration captured the airplane’s climb out at 1211 Pacific daylight time about 1 nm north of its departure airport in San Martin, California. The mean sea level (msl) altitudes below are reported as geometric altitudes and were obtained from the ADS-B data. The airplane slowly turned to the southeast
as it continued to climb. At 1302, the airplane reached a cruise altitude of about 12,000 ft msl and subsequently turned to the south about 15 minutes later, at which time it arced around the southern base of the Sequoia National Forest. At 1528, the airplane descended to about 7,700 ft msl while passing to the north of Las Vegas, Nevada. The airplane then descended further about 1615 and 30 nm west of
Page Municipal Airport (PGA), Page, Arizona near the Vermilion Cliffs National Monument to about 7,250 ft msl (1,100 ft above ground level (agl). At 1623, the airplane descended to about 6,600 ft msl where it remained until about 1623:46 when it began its final descent from 500 ft agl. The final ADS-B data point was captured at 1624:15, when the airplane was 200 ft agl and about 0.5 nm northwest of the accident site.

The airplane was located about 11 nm west of PGA on a mesa at a field elevation of about 6,150 ft msl. The airplane came to rest at a level attitude on a heading of 227° magnetic. The first point of impact (FPI) was identified by a 12-foot-tall Juniper tree and several broken tree branches. A debris path was marked by parallel ground scars that began about 20 ft forward of the FPI and was oriented on a heading of 155° magnetic. The outboard right stabilator was located on the left side of the debris path.

The main wreckage marked the end of the debris path and was located 62 ft beyond the FPI. The nose and main landing gear had collapsed and the fuselage was flush with the ground. Both wings remained attached to the fuselage; the left wing displayed a large compression wrinkle about midspan at the leading edge and the top skin. The inboard section of the right wing exhibited compression wrinkles about midspan. Both wings were punctured inboard above the right and left main landing gear. The ailerons and flaps were connected to their respective wings and were mostly undamaged, with exception of the right and left flaps, both of which exhibited upward bends at the inboard trailing edges. The left side of the stabilator had advanced forward several inches in a divergent path to the right stabilator, which had moved aft. Additionally, the right stabilator leading edge was crushed aft along the outboard leading edge about midspan. The vertical stabilizer and rudder were not damaged. The cowling and engine were displaced slightly downward, and the engine had separated from some of the upper mounts. Three propeller blades remained attached to the engine at the propeller hub. One blade was bent aft about midspan, one blade was bent at the blade root beneath the engine and the last blade was straight. Two of the propeller blades did not contain any visible chordwise scratches, nicks, or gouges. The third propeller blade was observed beneath the engine and could not be inspected. All major structures were accounted for at the accident site.



Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper 
Registration: N3906X
Model/Series: PA-28R-200
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built:
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None
Operator Designator Code:

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: VMC
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KPGA,4310 ft msl 
Observation Time: 16:53 Local
Distance from Accident Site: 12 Nautical Miles 
Temperature/Dew Point: 30°C /-4°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 6 knots / , 20°
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility: 10 miles
Altimeter Setting: 30.13 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Departure Point: San Martin, CA (E16)
Destination: Page, AZ (PGA)

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Fatal
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 Serious 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Fatal, 1 Serious
Latitude, Longitude: 36.905783,-111.68978

Those who may have information that might be relevant to the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigation may contact them by email witness@ntsb.gov, and any friends and family who want to contact investigators about the accident should email assistance@ntsb.gov. You can also call the NTSB Response Operations Center at 844-373-9922 or 202-314-6290.

22 comments:

  1. Hopefully the passenger will recover fully. Rest In Peace to the pilot. They flew a route I’ve flown many times, departing San Martin airport eastward bound. Prudent to fly south to the lower elevation Sierras.
    My deepest condolences.

    ReplyDelete

  2. "PAGE, AZ (3TV/CBS 5/AP) -- A pilot has died and his lone passenger is hurt after a small plane crashed west of Page Wednesday night, according to the Federal Aviation Agency and the National Transportation Safety Board.

    Coconino County Sheriff's officials say they received a call around 9:15 p.m. from the Page Airport that a plane originating from San Martin, California, had crashed while on approach. Authorities have identified the pilot as Jim Petersen and the passenger as Uta Petersen."

    ReplyDelete
  3. News link to a photo of the crashed aircraft. It went in wings level and appears to have been in a stall with the main gear shoved through the wing. No flaps deployed. RIP pilot and best wishes for a full recovery the apparent wife passenger.

    https://www.azfamily.com/news/pilot-killed-passenger-hurt-in-small-plane-crash-west-of-page/article_8d6819b0-1c86-11ec-9304-6b66a595a587.html?block_id=997196

    ReplyDelete
  4. "The Coconino County Sheriff’s Office said the crash was reported around 5:30 p.m. in the Paria Plateau area west of Page, AZ."
    @ Elev 4314 ft, 36.92 °N, 111.45 °W The Bear's Den B&B - KAZPAGE11 local weather "5:34 PM 84.0 °F 33.1 °F 16 % ENE 0.5 mph 0.9 mph 29.86 in 0.00 in 0.00 in"
    Actual Time7:16 AM7:21 PM
    Civil Twilight6:50 AM7:47 PM
    Nautical Twilight6:20 AM8:17 PM
    Astronomical Twilight5:50 AM8:47 PM

    ReplyDelete
  5. Crash location is near the east edge of the Paria Plateau as indicated by ADS-B data of Arizona Department of Public Safety Ranger Helicopter N58AZ (see links below) that flew to the crash site from Kingman AZ after dark to investigate the scene.

    Initial locating was done by the Classic Air Medical helicopter dispatched from Page based on the last known location provided by Air Force Rescue Coordination Center. The surviving passenger called a friend after the crash, which reportedly led to Page Airport personnel initiating the search (see rescue story link below).

    ADS-B Visualization, N58AZ arriving at Paria Plateau:
    https://www.flightradar24.com/data/aircraft/n58az#293fc732
    Pinned map location:
    http://maps.google.com/maps?t=k&q=loc:36.9071+-111.6888
    Flightaware N58AZ track and log:
    https://flightaware.com/live/flight/N58AZ/history/20210923/0317Z
    https://flightaware.com/live/flight/N58AZ/history/20210923/0317Z/tracklog

    Rescue story:
    https://www.lakepowelllife.com/fatal-plane-crash-in-paria-plateau/

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Some Classic Air Medical tracks to/from Paria Plateau:

      N407CH going to crash site from Page:
      https://www.flightradar24.com/data/aircraft/n407ch#293fac6f
      N407CH leaving crash site, going to St. George (part one):
      https://www.flightradar24.com/data/aircraft/n407ch#293fc4a8
      N407CH going to St. George from crash site (part two):
      https://www.flightradar24.com/data/aircraft/n407ch#293fcf03
      N407CH St. George return to Page w/orbit over crash site:
      https://www.flightradar24.com/data/aircraft/n407ch#293feabb

      N407CP going to crash site from Page:
      https://www.flightradar24.com/data/aircraft/n407cp#293fb8d4
      N407CP Returning to Page from crash site:
      https://www.flightradar24.com/data/aircraft/n407cp#293feb14

      Delete
  6. Looks totally survivable... providing one had seatbelt/shoulder harness properly worn?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. As I understand it, he was carrying a small outboard boat motor and was struck in back of head at impact.

      Delete

  7. Menu

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    Passing of former SCAPA President Jim Petersen
    Leave a Comment / News / By Mark van Wyk

    It is with great sadness that I report the passing of former SCAPA President, and current SCAPA board member, Jim Petersen, who was killed in a crash of his airplane, a Piper PA-28R-200, tail number N3906X, on Wednesday, September, 22, 2021, near Page, AZ.

    His passenger, wife Uta Petersen, survived with multiple injuries and is in the hospital.
    I have little additional information at this time.
    Everyone who knew Jim will tell you he was a unique, one-of-a-kind guy.
    I am personally devastated at the news.
    More information will be forthcoming.
    Mark van Wyk
    SCAPA Secretary and Treasurer

    https://scpilots.org/passing-of-former-scapa-president-jim-petersen/

    ReplyDelete
  8. It was fortunate that the surviving passenger was within cell service range and able to make a phone call to a friend and report the crash.

    Launching of N407CH at 8:30PM to search on radar position coordinates provided by AFRCC in response to the notification chain that was reportedly underway at 5:30 PM suggests that the aircraft's ELT was not activated by the crash.

    A lesson learned from this crash is that mounted ELT's can fail to operate even in crashes where the aircraft is relatively intact and the inertia switch should have activated. Purchasing and registering a Personal Locator Beacon (PLB) should be considered for flying in remote areas.

    AFRCC detection of beacon-transmitted coordinates via NOAA SARSAT from a PLB activated by the conscious survivor in this accident would have allowed the rescue helicopter to launch that fifteen minute flight to the accident scene at least two hours sooner vs. AFRCC having to obtain a position from area radar history review.

    Praise and gratitude goes out to everyone involved in overcoming the locating challenge and performing the rescue. Hope the survivor makes a full recovery.

    ReplyDelete
  9. view the circuitous flight track log, appears to have been a challenging flight of 3h 42m...
    Wednesday 22-Sep-2021
    Depart: 12:12 PDT San Martin - E16
    Last seen at 15:54 MST near Colorado City, AZ
    https://flightaware.com/live/flight/N3906X/history/20210922/1941Z/E16/L%2036.72341%20-113.09459/tracklog

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. The POA forum had comments on smoke from fires as a likely cause of the circuitous route and that there would be less fuel reserve compared to a more direct route plan.

      The 3h 42m to where ADS-B recording was not in range of a receiver after Colorado City is about 64 nautical miles short of Paria Plateau, so there is another 30 minutes added, for a time aloft of four hours, twelve minutes.

      Full fuel is 50 gallons, 48 useable. If the burn rate averaged 10 GPH including climb, 48 gallons would be 4h 48 minutes.

      Delete
  10. From Flightaware, Peterson began a controlled descent from 11,500 ft to 7,400 ft at 3h 8m. This is about 2,500 ft AGL. He continued eastward at this altitude for 14m until the flight abruptly ended. There is no way he could have descended 2,500 ft without multiple ADS-B fixes, so what caused the interruption? One possibility could be a total electrical failure. The plane impacted the ground in a controlled way with landing gear extended. Notably, there was no evidence of fire. This means that there was no fuel onboard or no source of ignition. As Peterson flew close by St. George it is unlikely he was low on fuel.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Lack of reception of ADS-B signal in Arizona does not indicate abrupt end of a flight or electrical failure.

      Look at the gap in received ADS-B data for the State of Arizona's helicopter N58AZ when it flew through the same area to reach the crash location or gaps in the air medical flight to St. George, as linked below:

      N58AZ flight to Paria Plateau:
      https://www.flightradar24.com/data/aircraft/n58az#293fc732

      Air medical flights (zoom out tracks for context):
      N407CH leaving crash site, going to St. George (part one):
      https://www.flightradar24.com/data/aircraft/n407ch#293fc4a8
      N407CH going to St. George from crash site (part two):
      https://www.flightradar24.com/data/aircraft/n407ch#293fcf03

      Delete
    2. N407CH flew from Page, AZ, to St. George, UT, medical center, where it lost ADS-B contact on the ground (it had complete coverage while airborne and was closer to N3906X's flight path). N58AZ flew from Page to the Kingman, AZ, medical center, some distance from the accident plane's path. I said an electrical failure was a possibility, which it is, especially when considered in the context of the lack of a post-crash fire where the wing fuel tanks were clearly breached. Another possibility is that Petersen deliberately shut off electrical power in anticipation of a crash landing. But if the electrical didn't fail why wouldn't he transmit a mayday first with so much altitude remaining?

      Delete
    3. If my reasoning is correct, actually tracked about about 44 miles south @ 36.6751 -113.5046, St Georges @ 37.0363781,-113.5103028.
      (.69 * 64 = 44)
      Measurements at 40 degrees North Latitude (N or S). A Change in Latitude of .01 degree = .69 miles

      Delete
  11. There is a hole in ADS-B coverage in the area N3906X went down, and N407CH did lose coverage in the same area:
    https://flightaware.com/adsb/coverage/#data-coverage
    We will have to wait for further details, especially what the surviving passenger has to say, to determine the cause.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. The potential for fuel exhaustion is something to think about while waiting to hear what the surviving passenger has to say.

      Sometimes small changes can produce magnified effects when combined with other variables. The reduction in fuel margin from the lengthened fight path could have led to squinting at tank level gauges and hoping the indications were accurate.

      Tank level gauges have deceived many a pilot that just this one time decided to use them to avoid an unplanned fuel stop close to the destination in spite of years of disciplined piloting without relying on them. That may not have happened in this accident, but don't let it happen to you.

      Delete
    2. Yes, fuel exhaustion is a definite possibility considering the controlled nature of the crash and no post-crash fire, but they should have had 30 min of fuel remaining at the point of the crash.

      Delete
  12. https://www.azfamily.com/news/pets_animals/dog-survives-plane-crash-page/article_c6e8ba04-2240-11ec-b7d8-2fb626c18215.html
    Dog reunited with family after surviving deadly plane crash near Page
    DAVID BAKERPOSTED SEP 30, 2021
    The dog was hungry and thirsty.

    PAGE, AZ (3TV/CBS 5) — It was an improbable homecoming for a dog that survived a deadly plane crash in northern Arizona. The plane went down on Sept. 22 in the Paria Plateau area, which is nearly 30 miles southwest of Page. The pilot, Jim Petersen, was killed and his passenger, Uta Petersen, was hurt. When first responders arrived at the crash scene, the Arizona Department of Public Safety said the paramedics spotted a dog sitting near the plane wreckage. But the pup ran off as soon as the pilot landed the helicopter and couldn't be found.

    Pilot killed, passenger hurt in small plane crash west of Page
    A few days later, when investigators went back to the scene, the same dog was lying next to the plane wreckage. The dog ran off again when the helicopter landed, but crew members used water to lure him back and get a leash on him, DPS said. The tired pup was hungry and thirsty. "This tough guy seemed to be in decent shape for having survived a plane crash and a few days in the Arizona wilderness," DPS said.

    The crew flew the dog to the Page Airport. A Coconino County Sheriff's deputy took the dog and reunited him with his family. DPS said it's grateful it could help return this dog to the family during such a difficult time.

    Copyright 2021 KPHO/KTVK (KPHO Broadcasting Corporation). All rights reserved.

    ReplyDelete
  13. https://ksltv.com/473892/plane-crash-survivor-describes-miracle-that-led-to-her-rescue/

    ReplyDelete
  14. Preliminary report stating "Two of the propeller blades did not contain any visible chordwise scratches, nicks, or gouges." tells you the fan stopped.

    Survivor says the crash happened quickly: “It was very, very quick. All of a sudden, Jim, I could tell he was getting upset,” she said. “He started to maneuver the airplane, hit a bunch of buttons on the dashboard, and then the next thing I know, we’re on the ground.”

    The low altitude crossing Paria Plateau is puzzling, as it didn't provide much engine out glide distance. Could have reached Paria-adjacent Marble Canyon Airport at it's lower elevation of 3603' MSL if altitude was higher crossing Paria Plateau.

    ReplyDelete