Saturday, June 12, 2021

Loss of Control on Ground: Piper PA-24-250 Comanche, N8300P; accident occurred June 12, 2019 at Cambridge Municipal Airport (KCDI), Guernsey County, Ohio




Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Columbus, Ohio

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Epirus LLC


Location: Cambridge, Ohio
Accident Number: GAA19CA340
Date & Time: June 12, 2019, 22:10 Local 
Registration: N8300P
Aircraft: Piper PA24 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal

Analysis

The pilot reported that the airplane landed hard, veered left, and exited the runway. The airplane then impacted terrain and came to rest in a creek. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing. The pilot reported that there were no preimpact mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a hard landing, and his subsequent loss of directional control, which resulted in impact with a creek. 

Findings

Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Aircraft Landing flare - Not attained/maintained
Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-flare/touchdown Hard landing
Landing-flare/touchdown Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Landing-flare/touchdown Runway excursion
Landing-flare/touchdown Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private 
Age: 56,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: July 1, 2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N8300P
Model/Series: PA24 250 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1963
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 24-3549
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2899 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: O-540 SERIES
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 250 Horsepower
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCDI,799 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 02:19 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 3300 ft AGL 
Visibility: 3 miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 6500 ft AGL
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.84 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 17°C / 16°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: Light - None - Rain
Departure Point: Caldwell, NJ (CDW) 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Middletown, OH (MWO)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Cambridge Muni CDI
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 798 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Wet
Runway Used: 22
IFR Approach: Unknown
Runway Length/Width: 4298 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop; Precautionary landing

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 39.974998,-81.577499(est)





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