Saturday, June 12, 2021

Hard Landing: Cessna 172P Skyhawk, N65773; accident occurred June 12, 2020 at Bowling Green Municipal Airport (H19), Pike County, Missouri

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; St. Louis, Missouri

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Bowling Green, Missouri 
Accident Number: CEN20CA241
Date & Time: June 12, 2020, 16:30 Local
Registration: N65773
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing 
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that on two landing attempts, the airplane touched down hard and bounced multiple times. After the second landing attempt, the pilot aborted the landing and diverted to another airport. Five flight-legs later, the pilot returned to the airplane's rental location and noticed that the tail tie down fell off when he attempted to tie down the airplane. Further examination revealed substantial damage to the tail. The pilot did not report any preimpact mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper flare, which resulted in a hard, bounced landing.


Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Aircraft Landing flare - Not attained/maintained

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Hard landing (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private 
Age: 26,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: April 9, 2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: May 30, 2020
Flight Time: 145 hours (Total, all aircraft), 44 hours (Total, this make and model), 35 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 9 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N65773
Model/Series: 172 P 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1982
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate:
Normal Serial Number: 17275876
Landing Gear Type: 
Tricycle Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: May 21, 2020 Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2299 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 57 Hrs
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 14559 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: O-320 SERIES
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 180 Horsepower
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KHAE,770 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 24 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 16:35 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 334°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.1 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 31°C / 12°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Olathe, KS (IXD) 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Columbus, OH (LCK)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 15:30 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Bowling Green Muni H19
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 886 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 31 IFR
Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3203 ft / 50 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 39.369998,-91.219169(est)

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