Sunday, May 16, 2021

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 172G Skyhawk, N5788R; accident occurred May 15, 2019 at Wolfe Air Park (3T2), Manvel, Brazoria County, Texas

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Houston, Texas

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Manvel, TX
Accident Number: GAA19CA267
Date & Time: 05/15/2019, 1300 CDT
Registration: N5788R
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 


The pilot reported that, while landing on a wet, grass runway, the airplane suddenly veered right. The airplane exited the runway and impacted a water-filled drainage ditch. Subsequently, the airplane came to rest inverted.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the aft fuselage, vertical stabilizer, and left wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during landing with a crosswind, which resulted in impact with a ditch.


Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Environmental issues Crosswind - Effect on operation
Environmental issues (general) - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Landing Runway excursion
Landing Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)
Landing Nose over/nose down

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 72, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No 
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/01/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/30/2018
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 816 hours (Total, all aircraft), 80 hours (Total, this make and model), 733 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N5788R
Model/Series: 172 G
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1965
Amateur Built:No 
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17253457
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/15/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2299 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4481.8 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT:  C91  installed, activated, aided in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: O-300D
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 145 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KLVJ, 44 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 5 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1753 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 62°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR): 
Wind Speed/Gusts:  12 knots / 18 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 90°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.05 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 28°C / 16°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Manvel, TX (3T2)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Manvel, TX (3T2)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1230 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Wolfe Air Park (3T2)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 55 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Soft; Wet
Runway Used: 02
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2910 ft / 80 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 29.479167, -95.326667 (est)

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