Saturday, March 07, 2020

Aerodynamic Stall/Spin: Piper PA-60-601P Aerostar, N700NJ; accident occurred September 20, 2019 at Sedona Airport (KSEZ), Yavapai County, Arizona

View of right wing damage.

View of fuselage damage.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Scottsdale, Arizona

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Sedona, AZ
Accident Number: GAA19CA559
Date & Time: 09/20/2019, 1330 MST
Registration: N700NJ
Aircraft: Piper PA60
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Aerodynamic stall/spin
Injuries: 4 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The pilot of the retractable-landing gear, multi-engine airplane reported that, while on approach to land, he felt the airplane was a little slow and below glide path. He corrected by adding power, reestablishing on the visual approach slope indicator (VASI) glide path and continued the landing. However, when the airplane reached the approach end of the runway, the airplane aerodynamically stalled. He lowered the nose and the airplane landed about 15 ft before the threshold of the runway. The airplane bounced onto the runway, veered right, exited the runway onto the adjacent field, and the landing gear collapsed.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage and both wings.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The airport's automated weather observation station reported that, about the time of the accident, the wind was from 180° at 15 knots and gusting to 24 knots. The pilot reported that the wind was from 210 at 15 to 25 knots, gusting 15 to 25 knots. The pilot was landing the airplane on runway 21. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 75, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/10/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/14/2019
Flight Time: (Estimated) 3000 hours (Total, all aircraft), 2000 hours (Total, this make and model) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N700NJ
Model/Series: PA60 601P
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1979
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 61P06187963279
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/02/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 2 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4981.9 Hours
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed
Engine Model/Series: TIO-540-U2A
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 350 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light:Day 
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSEZ, 4827 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2035 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 72°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 15 knots / 24 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 180°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.99 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 27°C / -2°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Watsonville, CA (WVI)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Sedona, AZ (SEZ)
Type of Clearance: Traffic Advisory; VFR
Departure Time: 1130 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Sedona (SEZ)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 4830 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 21
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5132 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 3 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 4 None
Latitude, Longitude: 34.848611, -111.788333 (est)

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