Saturday, March 07, 2020

Loss of Control in Flight: Cirrus SR22, N1216N; accident occurred September 25, 2019 near Jim Kelly Field Airport (KLXN), Lexington, Dawson County, Nebraska

View of damaged fuselage
Federal Aviation Administration

POH Excerpt

POH Excerpt

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Lincoln, Nebraska 

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Lexington, NE
Accident Number: GAA19CA570
Date & Time: 09/25/2019, 1720 CDT
Registration: N1216N
Aircraft: Cirrus SR22
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 1 Serious, 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The pilot reported that, during approach to land will full flaps, he decided to perform a go around and applied full power. The airplane started turning left and he applied right rudder. The airplane was "low and slow" and was unable to gain altitude. The airplane continued to drift left then subsequently, landed hard in an adjacent field left of the runway.

The pilot further reported that, during the go around, he did not adjust the flap setting to the takeoff setting.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The pilot added that he did not remember if the stall warning horn was going off, but believed that the airplane aerodynamically stalled before impact.

The pilot reported that the wind was from 040° at 20 knots, gusting to 30 knots. The airport's automated weather observation station reported that, about 5 minutes before the accident, the wind was from 050° at 12 knots, 10 statute mile visibility, sky clear, temperature 23°C (73°F), dew point 7°C (45°F), altimeter 29.98" Hg. The airport field elevation was 2412 ft. The pilot was departing on runway 32.

The pilot operating handbook checklist titled "Balked Landing/Go-Around" stated in part:

Autopilot – DISENGAGE
Power Lever – FULL FORWARD
Flaps – 50%
Airspeed – 75-80 KIAS

After clear of obstacles:
Flaps – UP
The manufacturer published a performance chart titled "Balked Landing Rate of Climb." The calculated rate of climb with full flaps during the balked landing was about 1,168 ft per minute. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 65, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed
Last FAA Medical Exam: 06/28/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 01/16/2019
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 814 hours (Total, all aircraft), 73 hours (Total, this make and model), 20 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 14 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cirrus
Registration: N1216N
Model/Series: SR22 Undesignated
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2003
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 0549
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/16/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3130.9 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-550-N
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 340 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KLXN, 2413 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2215 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 65°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 12 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 50°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.98 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 23°C / 7°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Lexington, NE (LXN)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1720 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Jim Kelly Field (LXN)
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 2412 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 32
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5489 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Go Around

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Serious
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Serious, 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 40.786389, -99.778333 (est)

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