Friday, December 20, 2019

Nose Over: Cessna 172F Skyhawk, N5229F; accident occurred September 12, 2019 near Hemet-Ryan Airport (KHMT), Riverside County, California

View of damaged right-wing lift strut and vertical stabilizer.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Riverside, California

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Hemet, CA
Accident Number: GAA19CA544
Date & Time: 09/12/2019, 1520 PDT
Registration: N5229F
Aircraft: Cessna 172F
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Nose over/nose down
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under:Public Aircraft  

The flight instructor reported that, during landing, he directed the student pilot to initiate a go-around. During the climb, the instructor saw dust devils at the end of the runway, so he instructed the student to also initiate a slight left turn. The instructor then noticed power lines past the dust devils, so he decided to take the controls from the student and continued a shallow, 200 ft-per-minute climbing left turn to the south. While in the turn, the instructor saw other high-tension power lines to the south, so he decided to initiate a precautionary soft field landing to a plowed field adjacent to the runway. During landing, the nose landing gear touched down and the airplane nosed over.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right-wing lift strut and vertical stabilizer.

The flight instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

An automated weather observation station, about 20 minutes before the accident, about 15 nautical miles north from the accident site, reported the wind was 310° at 6 knots, temperature of 97ºF, altimeter setting of 29.93. The calculated density altitude was about 4,237 ft. According to the Federal Aviation Administration density altitude Koch Chart, the airplane would have likely experienced about a 37% decrease to the normal climb rate, and about a 55% increase to the normal takeoff distance. The pilot reported that the wind was 140º at 6 knots. The airplane departed from runway 23. 

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 63, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter; Unmanned (sUAS)
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane; Helicopter
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s):  Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Helicopter; Instrument Airplane; Instrument Helicopter
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/01/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 06/06/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 11497 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1000 hours (Total, this make and model), 8370 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 99 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 29 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 10 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 37, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/05/2019
Occupational Pilot:No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 42 hours (Total, all aircraft), 42 hours (Total, this make and model), 30 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 11 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N5229F
Model/Series: 172F A
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1965
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17253280
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 08/31/2019, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 10542 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-300-D
Registered Owner: United States Air Force Owner
Rated Power: 145 hp
Operator: United States Air Force Owner
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KRIV, 1536 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 15 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2258 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 311°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:None 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 310°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.93 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 36°C / 4°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Riverside, CA (RIV)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Military VFR
Destination: Hemet, CA (HMT)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1443 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Hemet-Ryan (HMT)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1514 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 23
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4315 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Go Around; Precautionary Landing; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries:2 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire:None 
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 33.727778, -117.030556 (est)