Tuesday, August 13, 2019

Cessna 172 Skyhawk, N8928B: Accident occurred August 11, 2019 near Andy Barnhart Memorial Airport (3OH), New Carlisle, Clark County, Ohio

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Cincinnati, Ohio

Aviation Accident Preliminary Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 


Location: New Carlisle, OH
Accident Number: CEN19LA263
Date & Time: 08/11/2019, 0742 EDT
Registration: N8928B
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Injuries: 3 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On August 11, 2019, about 0742 eastern daylight time, a Cessna 172 airplane, N8928B, impacted terrain shortly after takeoff from runway 27 at the Andy Barnhart Memorial Airport (3OH0), New Carlisle, Ohio. The private pilot and his 2 passengers sustained minor injuries, and the airplane was substantially damaged. The airplane was registered to and operated by Wright Flyers Club as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 91 personal flight. Day visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and a visual flight rules flight plan was filed for the cross-country flight that had an intended destination of Washington County Airport (AFJ), Washington, Pennsylvania.

The pilot reported that he completed a normal preflight inspection of the airplane using the checklist. He noted that the airplane had about 35 gallons of fuel onboard and that he had refueled the airplane the previous day. The pilot stated that he did not observe any anomalies with the airplane or its engine during his before takeoff engine runup, which included verifying proper flight control movement and proper function of each magneto and the carburetor heat. The pilot noted that the flaps were fully retracted for takeoff. The pilot stated that he made a rolling takeoff on runway 27, and that the airplane accelerated to 70 mph where rotation and liftoff were made near the departure end of the runway. The pilot stated that he "aggressively" pulled aft on the control stick, which resulted in a high airplane pitch attitude after liftoff. About 15 seconds after liftoff, the pilot felt the airplane "shudder" as it began to descend. The pilot decreased his pitch input to increase airspeed; however, the airplane continued to descend, so an immediate landing was made in a plant nursery about ½ mile off the end of the runway. The pilot reported that the airplane's nose landing gear collided with a hoop building before the airplane impacted terrain. The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures that would have precluded normal operation of the airplane.

A witness, who was also a flight instructor, reported that the airplane taxied to the approach end of runway 27 and stopped momentarily before starting the takeoff roll with the flaps retracted. The witness saw the airplane "pitch up very sharply" about 2 to 3 runway lights (330 ft to 500 ft) from the departure end of runway 27. The witness noted that he saw the top of both wings and the horizontal stabilizers shortly after the airplane became airborne. The witness reported that airplane climbed about 2-3 airplane lengths in the nose-high pitch attitude before the airplane's pitch decreased to a near level attitude. The witness stated that he saw the airplane's tail yaw briefly left and right before the right wing dropped and the airplane descended behind a tree line.

The airplane wreckage was examined by a FAA maintenance inspector. The FAA inspector noted that there was fuel leaking at the accident site from the damaged fuel tanks. Recovered fuel samples did not contain any evidence of water or particulate contamination. The engine remained partially attached to the firewall, and the propeller remained attached to the crankshaft flange. Engine control cable continuity could not be verified due to impact damage. The propeller blades exhibited chordwise scratches and burnishing, a S-shape spanwise bend, and minor leading edge damage. One blade tip had separated during impact. Internal engine and valve train continuity were confirmed as the crankshaft was rotated. Compression and suction were noted on all six cylinders in conjunction with crankshaft rotation. There were no leaks during a pressure test of each cylinder with the associated piston at top-dead-center while on the compression stroke. The upper spark plugs were removed and exhibited features consistent with normal engine operation. A borescope inspection of each cylinder did not reveal any anomalies with the cylinders, pistons, valves, valve seats, or lower spark plugs. The magnetos remained attached to their respective installation point and provided spark on all posts while the engine crankshaft was rotated. The magneto to engine timing was correct. The carburetor had separated from the engine during impact. The carburetor bowl did not contain residual fuel, but there was no evidence of water or particulate contamination. Disassembly of the carburetor did not reveal any anomalies with the venturi, accelerator pump, composite floats, or needle valve. The carburetor heat control cable separated from the airbox during impact. The postaccident examination did not reveal any anomalies that would have precluded normal engine operation during the flight.

In an interview with Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspectors, the pilot stated that he did not notice or hear any engine abnormalities during the flight. The pilot provided the FAA inspectors with a weight-and-balance calculation that he completed for the interview. According to the pilot's weight-and-balance data, the airplane weighed about 2,205 lbs at the time of the accident and had a center-of-gravity located 41.83 inches aft of the datum. According to the FAA-approved Type Certificate Data Sheet and the Cessna 172 Owner's Manual, the airplane's maximum takeoff weight was 2,200 lbs. The pilot told the FAA inspectors that he did not calculate the airplane's weight-and-balance or determine the runway length required for takeoff before the flight.

A postaccident review of available meteorological data established that day visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the accident site. The nearest aviation weather reporting station was located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (FFO), Dayton, Ohio, about 6.5 miles south of the accident site. At 0756, about 14 minutes after the accident, the FFO automated surface observing system reported a calm wind, a clear sky, 10 miles surface visibility, temperature 17°C, dew point 14°C, and an altimeter setting of 30.09 inches of mercury.

According to the Cessna 172 Owner's Manual, the runway length required for a normal liftoff and to clear a 50 ft obstacle at maximum takeoff weight, sea level airport elevation, a calm wind, and 15°C was 725 ft and 1,650 ft, respectively. The runway length required for normal liftoff and to clear a 50 ft obstacle at maximum takeoff weight, 2,500 ft airport elevation, a calm wind, and 10°C was 880 ft and 2,000 ft, respectively.

3OH0, a private-use airport located about 1 mile southeast of New Carlisle, Ohio, was owned and operated by Flying Angels, Inc. The airport field elevation was 895 ft mean sea level. The airport had two runways, an asphalt runway 9/27 (2,000 ft by 30 ft) and a turf runway 10/28 (2,000 ft by 150 ft).

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N8928B
Model/Series: 172
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built: No
Operator: Wright Flyers Club
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: FFO, 823 ft msl
Observation Time:0756 EDT 
Distance from Accident Site: 7 Nautical Miles
Temperature/Dew Point: 17°C / 14°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm / ,
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 30.09 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Departure Point: New Carlisle, OH (3OH0)
Destination: Washington, PA (AFJ)

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 Minor
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion:None
Total Injuries: 3 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 39.929722, -84.022778

NEW CARLISLE — UPDATE @ 2:26 p.m.:

Engine failure is suspected in a plane crash near Andy Barnhart Memorial Airport in New Carlisle, according to the Ohio State Highway Patrol Springfield post.

Alcohol is not believed to be a factor in the crash.

The plane had recently left the New Carlisle airport when it crashed around 7:42 a.m. at the Studebaker Nursery.

There people in the plane sustained minor injuries in the crash, according to the OSHP.

The plane was being operated by Nathan G. McBride, 45, of New Carlisle.

The crash remains under investigation.

UPDATE @ 9:53 a.m.:

Three people were transported to Miami Valley Hospital after a small plane crash near the Andy Barnhart Memorial Airport in New Carlisle.

According to Bethel Township Fire Chief Jacob King, emergency crews were dispatched to a report of a plane crash in the area of the Studebaker Nursery, a wholesale plant nursery near the New Carlisle airport.

Crews found that the Cessna 172 Skyhawk 172 that is maintained at the airport, had hit a greenhouse. 

Three people were inside the plane. Two sustained minor injuries, while one sustained more significant, but not life-threatening injuries.

At this time, the Clark County Hazmat team is working with Maine’s Towing and Recovery Services to contain a large amount of fuel that is leaking from the plane. 

Bethel Twp. and the Ohio State Highway Patrol are still investigating the crash.

The exact cause of the crash is unknown, but King said that the initial explanation from the passengers is that shortly after takeoff the engine “just quit,” and the pilot was able to glide to the landing site.


Emergency crews are responding to a report of a plane crash near the New Carlisle airport.

Initial reports indicate that the pilot may be injured, and that the plane may have crashed in a nearby plant nursery.

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