Sunday, July 7, 2019

Loss of Lift: Sportavia-Putzer RF-5B Sperber, N66GL, accident occurred May 22, 2018 in Lookout Pass, Montana



The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Helena, Montana

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N66GL



Location: Lookout Pass, MT
Accident Number: WPR18LA145
Date & Time: 05/22/2018, 1400 MDT
Registration: N66GL
Aircraft: SPORTAVIA PUTZER RF5B SPERBER
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of lift
Injuries:1 Minor 
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal




Analysis 

The airline transport pilot reported that, during a cross-country flight and while climbing toward a mountain pass, the experimental, amateur-built motorglider's engine began to overheat. The pilot delayed the climb to allow the engine to cool down and continued toward the pass, which resulted in reduced terrain clearance. As the motorglider approached the pass, it encountered a downdraft, and the engine was unable to produce enough power to stop the descent. Due to the reduced altitude, the pilot realized that he would be unable to safely turn the glider around, so he executed a precautionary landing on a freeway. During the landing, the glider struck a freeway barrier.

The pilot reported that, other than the engine overheating, there was no evidence of any preimpact mechanical anomalies with the glider that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper decision to continue flight toward rising terrain after the engine overheated, which necessitated a precautionary landing when the motorglider could not maintain altitude in downdrafts.



Findings

Aircraft
Altitude - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Decision making/judgment - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Downdraft - Effect on operation
Object/animal/substance - Contributed to outcome



Factual Information 

On May 22, 2018, about 1400 mountain daylight time, an experimental amateur-built Sportavia-Putzer RF5B Sperber motor-glider, N66GL, collided with a roadside barrier following an encounter with downdrafts near Lookout Pass, Montana. The airline transport pilot received minor injuries. The glider sustained substantial damage to the left wing, firewall, and empennage. The glider was registered to and operated by the pilot under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal cross-country flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed about the time of the accident and no flight plan was filed. The flight originated from Missoula, Montana at 1300 and was destined for Kellogg, Idaho.

The pilot had recently purchased the glider in New York and was returning with it to Seattle, Washington. In preparation for the long cross-county flights, he modified the glider to include an extra fuel tank in the back seat adding eight gallons or 54 pounds. This additional fuel combined for a total fuel weight of 108 lbs. The pilot stated by the time of the accident, the extra tank was empty, and even when it was full, the glider was well within center of gravity (CG) limits.

The pilot had been following the interstate 90 (I-90) freeway so that he had an emergency landing area if needed. On the accident leg of the flight he was flying towards Lookout Pass, the lowest point of rising mountainous terrain, at 4,692 ft msl. While climbing through 6,100 ft to his desired altitude of 8,500 ft mean sea level (msl), the engine oil temperature began to rapidly rise. He corrected this by leveling the glider off in order to cool the engine oil. At this point, he decided to continue towards the pass and to the destination airport, as it was closer than the departure airport. When the engine oil cooled to an acceptable level he continued the climb. After reaching an altitude of about 6,500 ft, the glider encountered a downdraft. The pilot applied maximum engine power and the engine oil started to heat beyond "red line", the oil pressure started to drop, and the glider continued to descend. The pilot determined he could not safely turn around and decided to make a precautionary landing on the west-bound lanes of the I-90 freeway. While descending, he observed a vehicle obstructing the landing area. He made a turn to the left to land on the eastbound traffic lanes. While in the turn, the left wing struck a freeway barrier and the glider yawed to the left. The engine then struck the barrier, and the glider came to rest upright against the barrier. A small fire ensued and was quickly put out by witnesses.

A video of the accident was discovered online and shows the motor-glider descending towards the west-bound lanes of the freeway then turning left moments before impacting a barrier. The elevation of the accident site was 4,685 ft. The pilot reported no mechanical failures or malfunctions of the airframe or engine and stated, "the engine just got hot and didn't have the power to overcome the down draft."

At 1400 mountain daylight time, the Mullan Pass automated surface observation system, located about 2 miles from the accident site, at an elevation of 6,089 ft, reported the wind from 130° at 7 knots. No turbulence was forecast. 



History of Flight

Enroute-climb to cruise
Miscellaneous/other
Other weather encounter
Loss of lift (Defining event)
Off-field or emergency landing
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)



Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport
Age: 69, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Glider
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: None
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/22/2018
Flight Time: 28350 hours (Total, all aircraft), 39 hours (Total, this make and model), 26000 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 39 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft)



Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: SPORTAVIA PUTZER
Registration: N66GL
Model/Series: RF5B SPERBER B
Aircraft Category: Glider
Year of Manufacture: 1974
Amateur Built: Yes
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental
Serial Number: 51043
Landing Gear Type: Retractable -
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1500 lb
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:  
Engine Manufacturer: LIMBACH
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: 1700E 3E
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 68 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None



Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: MLP, 5168 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 25 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1400 MDT
Direction from Accident Site: 250°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  6 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 130°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.82 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 12°C / 6°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Missoula, MT (MSO)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Kellogg, ID (S83)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1300 MDT
Type of Airspace:Class G  



Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: On-Ground
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 47.456111, -115.697222 (est)

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