Sunday, July 07, 2019

Abnormal Runway Contact: Piper PA-28-236 Dakota, N4295T, accident occurred June 10, 2018 at Marion Airport (C17), Linn County, Iowa

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Des Moines, Iowa

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Marion, IA
Accident Number: GAA18CA341
Date & Time: 06/10/2018, 1700 CDT
Registration: N4295T
Aircraft: PIPER PA 28
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal


According to the pilot, during his first attempt to land, the nosewheel touched down first, and the airplane "porpoised." He aborted the landing and accomplished another landing, but when the airplane touched down on the runway, the nose landing gear collapsed. The pilot used differential braking to steer the airplane into the grassy area on the left side of the runway.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the engine mount.

The pilot reported that the accident could have been prevented if the airspeed had been slower and if the airplane's pitch attitude was better than the initial landing. Additionally, the pilot noted that he landed with a 90° crosswind from the left.

The pilot reported that, at the time of the accident, the wind was from 08° at 11 knots. The pilot landed the airplane on runway 17.

The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper pitch during the first landing, which resulted in a porpoise, and the failure of the nose landing gear during the second landing after a subsequent go-around.


Pitch control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Abnormal runway contact (Defining event)
Landing gear collapse 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 62, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/18/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/05/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 166 hours (Total, all aircraft), 147 hours (Total, this make and model), 131 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 20 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 10 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: PIPER
Registration: N4295T
Model/Series: PA 28 236
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1983
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28-8311022
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 10/26/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3000 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2488 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-540-J3A5D
Registered Owner: HAM AND EGGS LLC
Rated Power: 235 hp
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCID, 868 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 12 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2252 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 223°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility: 10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 2100 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 13 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / None
Wind Direction: 60°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.82 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 23°C / 19°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Spirit Lake, IA (0F3)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Marion, IA (C17)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1520 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: MARION (C17)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 862 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 17
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3775 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Go Around; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 None
Latitude, Longitude: 42.029722, -91.531667 (est)

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