Tuesday, July 23, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 195B Businessliner, N195N; accident occurred July 21, 2018 at Ken Jernstedt Airfield (4S2), Hood River County, Oregon

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Hillsboro, Oregon

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Location: Hood River, OR
Accident Number: GAA18CA444
Date & Time: 07/21/2018, 0930 PDT
Registration: N195N
Aircraft: Cessna 195
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 4 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal


The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, during landing, as the tailwheel touched down, the airplane veered sharply left. He applied full right rudder and brake to no avail. The airplane exited the runway to the left, the right main landing gear collapsed, and the right wing struck the ground. The airplane came to rest in a nose-down attitude.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing.

The Federal Aviation Administration inspector reported that, during a postaccident examination, he did not observe any anomalies with the rudder cables, tailwheel assembly, and brakes.

The automated weather observation station located on the airport reported that, about 16 minutes after the accident, the wind was from 240° at 6 knots. The airplane landed on runway 25. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during landing.


Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Runway excursion
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery
Landing gear collapse
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)
Nose over/nose down

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Commercial
Age: 75, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Multi-engine Sea; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/22/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/25/2017
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 6071.7 hours (Total, all aircraft), 466 hours (Total, this make and model), 5100 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 12.4 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 7.8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1.3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N195N
Model/Series: 195 B
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1953
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 16075
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 5
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/11/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3350 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3445.9 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Jacobs
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: R755B2
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 275 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: K4S2, 630 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1646 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 195°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 2300 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 6 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 240°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.17 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 17°C / 10°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Puyallup, WA (PLU)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Hood River, OR (4S2)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0825 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 638 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 25
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3040 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 3 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 4 None
Latitude, Longitude: 45.672500, -121.530833 (est)

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