Tuesday, July 23, 2019

Birdstrike: Cessna 560 Citation Encore, N866VP; accident occurred July 23, 2018 near Tulsa International Airport (KTUL), Oklahoma

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


http://registry.faa.gov/N866VP

Location: Tulsa, OK
Accident Number: GAA18CA435
Date & Time: 07/23/2018, 1530 CDT
Registration: N866VP
Aircraft: Cessna 560
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Birdstrike
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Positioning

Analysis

The pilot reported that, during approach, he observed a bird flying nearby and then heard a "thump" and felt an impact above his head. The pilot landed the airplane without further incident.

Postaccident examination revealed that a bird had impacted the airplane's vertical stabilizer, which sustained substantial damage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The airplane's collision with a bird during approach.

Findings

Environmental issues
Animal(s)/bird(s) - Effect on equipment (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Enroute
Birdstrike (Defining event) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Commercial
Age: 38, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter
Restraint Used: 5-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/15/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 01/06/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 3130 hours (Total, all aircraft), 835 hours (Total, this make and model), 2000 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 110 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 30 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Co-Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport
Age: 64, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 02/23/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 12/01/2017
Flight Time: (Estimated) 5000 hours (Total, all aircraft), 275 hours (Total, this make and model), 4600 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 60 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 25 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N866VP
Model/Series: 560 Undesignated
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2006
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Transport
Serial Number: 560-0704
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 10
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 16630 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 2 Turbo Fan
Airframe Total Time: 2574.4 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: P&WC
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: PW535A
Registered Owner: Encore N866vp Llc
Rated Power: 3400 lbs
Operator: Burgess Aircraft Management, LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: On-demand Air Taxi (135)
Operator Does Business As: OzAir Charter Service
Operator Designator Code: 5BMA

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KTUL, 650 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2053 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 273°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 12000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 16000 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 11 knots / 21 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 10°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.98 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 33°C / 17°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Springfield, MO (SGF)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: Tulsa, OK (TUL)
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time:  CDT
Type of Airspace: Class C 

Airport Information

Airport: TULSA INTL (TUL)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 677 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 36L
IFR Approach: Visual
Runway Length/Width: 6101 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 36.198889, -95.883889 (est)

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