Sunday, June 02, 2019

Hard Landing: Piper PA-22-150, N7257D, accident occurred June 04, 2018 in Talkeetna, Alaska

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Anchorage, Alaska

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: 

Location: Talkeetna, AK
Accident Number: GAA18CA324
Date & Time: 06/04/2018, 1200 AKD
Registration: N7257D
Aircraft: PIPER PA 22
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional


The flight instructor reported that, during approach at a low level, due to "wind shear," the tailwheel-equipped airplane suddenly lost altitude. The instructor increased the engine power to full, but the airplane touched down "harder than normal." The airplane impacted the airstrip with a side load, and the left wing and left landing gear separated from the airplane, which then slid to a stop and came to rest upright.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

The instructor reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The instructor reported that the wind was from 180° and light and variable at 7 to 10 knots. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The flight instructor's improper landing flare and failure to maintain a proper descent rate during approach, which resulted in a hard landing.


Descent rate - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Instructor/check pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Other weather encounter

Hard landing (Defining event)
Abnormal runway contact 

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial; Private
Age: 37, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 06/17/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/22/2018
Flight Time: (Estimated) 1040 hours (Total, all aircraft), 86 hours (Total, this make and model), 900 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 231 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 86 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 60, Female
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/01/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: PIPER
Registration: N7257D
Model/Series: PA 22 150
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1957
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 22-5084
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 12/17/2017,
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2000 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Installed, activated, aided in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: O-320 SERIES
Rated Power: 150 hp
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PATK, 356 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 8 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2053 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 300°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 11000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 9 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 200°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.8 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 16°C / 4°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: TALKEETNA, AK (TKA)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: TALKEETNA, AK (TKA)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1130 AKD
Type of Airspace: Class G

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 62.430000, -150.240000 (est)

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