Sunday, June 02, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 172M Skyhawk, N12267, accident occurred May 19, 2018 at DeFuniak Springs Airport (54J), Walton County, Florida

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Birmingham, Alabama

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Defuniak Springs, FL
Accident Number: GAA18CA299
Date & Time: 05/19/2018, 1720 CDT
Registration: N12267
Aircraft: CESSNA 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional


According to the student pilot, he was performing touch-and-go takeoffs and landings following his first cross-country solo flight. He reported that, during his last landing, the airplane touched down "all the way to the right side of the runway," so he aborted the landing. He shut off the carburetor heat and applied power, and the airplane's nose pitched up and turned left. The airplane impacted the grass safety area on the left side of the runway in a nose-down attitude. The airplane came to rest inverted after striking a drainage culvert and sustained substantial damage to the right-wing lift strut and aileron.

The student reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure to maintain directional control during the aborted landing.


Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Object/animal/substance - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)
Roll over

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 28, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/02/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/24/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 35 hours (Total, all aircraft), 35 hours (Total, this make and model), 35 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 35 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Registration: N12267
Model/Series: 172 M
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1973
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17261911
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 3
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 04/20/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 6123.4 Hours
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320
Registered Owner: ONVOI LLC.
Rated Power: 150 hp
Operator: ONVOI LLC.
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCEW, 185 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 19 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2222 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 279°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 10000 ft agl
Visibility:  6 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 11 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / None
Wind Direction: 210°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.99 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 31°C / 18°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:  Moderate - Haze; Moderate - In the Vicinity - Thunderstorms - No Precipitation
Departure Point: Defuniak Springs, FL (54J)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Defuniak Springs, FL (54J)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1300 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 289 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 27
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4146 ft / 60 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 30.731111, -86.153889 (est)


  1. notice 'full flap' extended...not the best practice to ensure a proper go-around in a C172.

  2. “notice 'full flap' extended...not the best practice to ensure a proper go-around in a C172.”

    You’re kidding, right??