Sunday, June 16, 2019

Hard Landing: Cessna 182Q Skylane, N5198N, accident occurred September 11, 2018 at Page Municipal Airport (KPGA), Coconino County, Arizona

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Scottsdale, Arizona

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Page, AZ
Accident Number: GAA18CA552
Date & Time: 09/11/2018, 1700 MDT
Registration: N5198N
Aircraft: Cessna 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The pilot reported that shortly after transition to cruise flight, he noticed the engine was "running rough," the Cylinder Head Temperature was almost in the red, and the needles showed decreasing performance on the Tachometer and the Manifold Pressure Gauges. He decided to return to the departure airport for a precautionary landing. On approach, he decreased the engine power setting, increased the mixture and propeller settings and the airplane crossed the runway threshold about 80 knots with full flaps. During the flare, the airplane "dropped," landed hard, and bounced three times on the runway. He taxied off the runway and was towed back to the ramp.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage.

The Federal Aviation Administration inspector reported that no mechanical failures or malfunctions were found during their investigation.

The automated weather observation station located on the airport reported that, about the time of the accident, the wind was variable at 4 knots. The airplane landed on runway 33. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 69, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/16/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 07/12/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 796 hours (Total, all aircraft), 497.8 hours (Total, this make and model), 714.33 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 4.23 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 3.1 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3.1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N5198N
Model/Series: 182 Q
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1980
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18267566
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/13/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2348 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 7138.4 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470-U
Registered Owner: Hill Flying Club Inc
Rated Power: 230
Operator: Hill Flying Club Inc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KPGA, 4310 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0053 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 113°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Light and Variable /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: Variable
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.85 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 33°C / -4°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Ogden, UT (OGD)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Page, AZ (PGA)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 0645 MST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Page Muni (PGA)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 4316 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 33
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5950 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Precautionary Landing; Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  36.926111, -111.448333 (est)

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