Sunday, June 16, 2019

Loss of Control in Flight: Cessna 172M Skyhawk, N8994V, accident occurred August 04, 2018 at Dowagiac Municipal Airport (C91), Cass County, Michigan

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Grand Rapids, Michigan

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Dowagiac, MI
Accident Number: GAA18CA471
Date & Time: 08/04/2018, 1715 EDT
Registration: N8994V
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 2 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The pilot reported that, during takeoff from a soft field runway, about 10 feet above the ground, the airplane drifted left. The left wing "dipped", contacted the ground and the airplane impacted terrain.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to right wing, right elevator and fuselage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The pilot added that he should have "stayed longer in ground effect."

The automated weather observation station located on the airport reported that, about 20 minutes before the accident, the wind was from 210° at 10 knots and about 40 minutes after the accident, the wind was from 190ยบ at 7 knots. The airplane departed on runway 22. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 53, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 06/08/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 06/18/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 72 hours (Total, all aircraft), 70 hours (Total, this make and model), 19 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 13 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N8994V
Model/Series: 172 M
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1974
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17264349
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 04/18/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2110 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 11139 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320 E2D
Registered Owner: Wings Inc
Rated Power: 150 hp
Operator: Wings Inc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSBN, 773 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 19 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2054 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 206°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 10 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 210°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.07 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 32°C / 21°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Dowagiac, MI (C91)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: South Bend, IN (SBN)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1800 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Dowagiac Muni (C91)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 747 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry; Soft; Vegetation
Runway Used: 22
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2176 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 41.993056, -86.128333 (est)

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