Saturday, May 11, 2019

Piper PA-28-140, N7595R: Incident occurred June 26, 2022 and Accident occurred September 07, 2018

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Milwaukee, Wisconsin

June 26, 2022:  Aircraft bounced on landing and spun out on the runway into the grass. 

Date: 26-JUN-22
Time: 15:40:00Z
Regis#: N7595R
Aircraft Make: PIPER
Aircraft Model: PA28
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91

September 07, 2018

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: 

Location: De Pere, Wisconsin
Accident Number: GAA18CA546
Date and Time: September 7, 2018, 08:00 Local 
Registration: N7595R
Aircraft: Piper PA28
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Runway excursion
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that he initiated a takeoff roll on the 2,200-ft-long wet, turf runway, and that, about 1,650 ft down the runway, the airplane encountered standing water, and the speed decreased. He reported that he "still felt I had plenty of room to regain airspeed and take off safely." The airplane encountered standing water again on another section of the runway, and the speed decreased further. The pilot retracted two notches of flaps and attempted to climb the airplane, but it exited the departure end of the runway and entered a cornfield.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the engine mounts.

The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper decision not to abort the takeoff after the airplane encountered standing water on the runway, which decreased its speed and led to its subsequent inability to climb and resulted in a runway overrun.


Personnel issues Decision making/judgment - Pilot
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Environmental issues Wet surface - Effect on operation
Aircraft Airspeed - Not attained/maintained
Aircraft Climb rate - Attain/maintain not possible
Environmental issues (general) - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff Miscellaneous/other
Takeoff Attempted remediation/recovery
Takeoff Runway excursion (Defining event)
Takeoff Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private 
Age: 49, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: Lap only
Instrument Rating(s): None 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 None
Last FAA Medical Exam: May 10, 2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: April 18, 2018
Flight Time: (Estimated) 1359.3 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1359.3 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N7595R
Model/Series: PA28 140 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 28-22163
Landing Gear Type:
Tricycle Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: April 9, 2018 Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2150 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3938.73 Hrs as of last inspection 
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: O-320-EZA
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 150 Horsepower
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KGRB,702 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 7 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 13:53 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 8°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 10° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 30.34 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 17°C / 13°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: De Pere, WI (9WS2)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Iron Mountain, MI (IMT) 
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 08:00 Local
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Antique Aerodrome 9WS2 
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 655 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Holes; Soft; Vegetation; Wet
Runway Used: 18 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2200 ft / 65 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 44.367778,-88.158607(est)


  1. My policy is to add 50% to what the book says assuming a "perfect" runway.
    Some planes (Arrow 180, Commanche 180, some Bonanzas and others) I start by adding 100%.
    Grass, longer grass, rough, gradient, wet, really wet, other oddities all add additional length requirement.
    To protect Vmc in a twin may require more.
    May seem overkill but it's better than the rose colored glasses used in the manual.
    Has worked for me. YMMV.