Sunday, April 14, 2019

Runway Excursion: Viking Waiex, N49YX; accident occurred July 20, 2018 at Kinsley Municipal Airport (33K), Edwards County, Kansas

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Wichita, Kansas

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N49YX

Location: Kinsey, KS
Accident Number: GAA18CA439
Date & Time: 07/20/2018, 1530 CDT
Registration: N49YX
Aircraft: WAYNE D. TEEL Waiex
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Runway excursion
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis 

According to the pilot, the tailwheel-equipped airplane encountered a strong crosswind gust from the left during the landing roll. The airplane turned left into the wind and then exited the left side of the runway. The airplane collided with cornstalks and came to rest in a drainage culvert.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing spar.

The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

An automated weather observation station located about 23 miles from accident site reported, about 26 minutes before the accident, wind from 100° at 16 knots, gusting to 20 knots. The airplane landed on runway 18. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during the landing roll in gusting crosswind conditions. 

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Gusts - Effect on operation (Cause)
Crosswind - Effect on operation (Cause)
Object/animal/substance - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Other weather encounter
Runway excursion (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 60, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/11/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 12/26/2016
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 459 hours (Total, all aircraft), 43 hours (Total, this make and model), 307 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 26 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 17 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: WAYNE D. TEEL
Registration: N49YX
Model/Series: Waiex
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2008
Amateur Built: Yes
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental
Serial Number: W0049
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/01/2018, Condition
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1250 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 219 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: VIKING AIRCRAFT ENGINES
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: HF-110
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 110 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KLQR, 2011 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 23 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2056 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 40°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 16 knots / 20 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: 100°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 29.89 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 36°C / 22°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Kinsey, KS (33K)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Kinsey, KS (33K)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1400 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Kinsley Muni (33K)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 2171 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 18
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3290 ft / 56 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  37.908889, -99.403056 (est)

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