Sunday, April 14, 2019

Wildlife Encounter (non-bird): Piper PA28-151, N7104F, accident occurred June 27, 2018 at Rolla National Airport (KVIH), Phelps County, Missouri

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; St. Louis, Missouri

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N7104F

Location: ROLLA, MO
Accident Number: GAA18CA402
Date & Time: 06/27/2018, 2100 CDT
Registration: N7104F
Aircraft: Piper PA28
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Wildlife encounter (non-bird)
Injuries: 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

Analysis 

The flight instructor reported that, during the takeoff roll at night with the student pilot on the controls, the airplane's left wing struck a deer on the runway. They maneuvered the airplane off the runway without further incident. 

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

The instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The Federal Aviation Administration Airport Facility Directory, Airport Remarks, for the accident airport stated, in part, that there is wildlife on and in the vicinity of the airport.  

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
A collision with a deer on the runway during the takeoff roll at night.     

Findings

Environmental issues
Animal(s)/bird(s) - Effect on operation (Cause)
Dark - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff

Wildlife encounter (non-bird) (Defining event)

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial; Private
Age: 24, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/19/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 10/15/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 1900 hours (Total, all aircraft), 36 hours (Total, this make and model), 1805 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 145 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 38 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 20, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 06/30/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 35 hours (Total, all aircraft), 35 hours (Total, this make and model), 7 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 9 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N7104F
Model/Series: PA28 151
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1976
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 28-7715197
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 03/12/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.:  2325 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 7286.9 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320 E3D
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 151 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: KVIH, 1137 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0153 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 18°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 3 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 90°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.87 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 27°C / 25°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: ROLLA, MO (VIH)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: ROLLA, MO (VIH)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 2100 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: Rolla National (VIH)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1148 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 31
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5500 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 None
Latitude, Longitude: 38.127500, -91.769444 (est)

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