Saturday, March 23, 2019

Piper PA-28R-201, N6899C: Accident occurred October 27, 2018 near Lea County Regional Airport (KHOB), Hobbs, New Mexico

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Lubbock, Texas

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


https://registry.faa.gov/N6899C

Location: Hobbs, NM
Accident Number: CEN19CA017
Date & Time: 10/27/2018, 1940 MDT
Registration: N6899C
Aircraft: Piper PA28R
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Navigation error
Injuries: 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

Analysis 

The pilot reported that he entered a left traffic pattern for runway 30 during night, visual meteorological conditions. Although the pilot thought he had sufficient altitude during the initial phase of the final approach based on his altimeter indication, shortly after turning to final approach, the airplane impacted terrain.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing and fuselage, and the three occupants were not injured.

Postaccident examination of the airframe and engine revealed no evidence of preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions that would have precluded normal operation. The examination did reveal that the altimeter had an incorrect setting, which resulted in an altimeter indication error of +800 ft mean sea level. The pilot stated that he must have had the incorrect altimeter setting for the destination airport.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's incorrect altimeter setting during the night visual approach, which resulted in a controlled flight into terrain.

Findings

Aircraft
Instrument panel    - Incorrect use/operation (Cause)
Altitude - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Use of equip/system - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach
Navigation error (Defining event)

Approach-VFR pattern final
Controlled flight into terr/obj (CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 56, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/16/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/24/2018
Flight Time: 192 hours (Total, all aircraft), 184 hours (Total, this make and model), 97 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N6899C
Model/Series: PA28R 201
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1978
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28R-7837176
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/17/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2750 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-360
Registered Owner: William Daughdrill
Rated Power: 200 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation:
Distance from Accident Site:
Observation Time:
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: 260°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 30.13 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 19°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Precipitation
Departure Point: Carlsbad, NM (CNM)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Hobbs, NM (HOB)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1905 MDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Lea County Regional Airport (HOB)
Runway Surface Type: N/A
Airport Elevation: 3660 ft
Runway Surface Condition:
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing:  Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 None
Latitude, Longitude:  32.682222, -103.221111 (est)

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