Friday, March 22, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Piper PA-28-140 Cherokee, N5800U, accident occurred December 12, 2018 at Chino Airport (KCNO), San Bernardino County, California

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Riverside, California

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Chino, CA
Accident Number: GAA19CA095
Date & Time: 12/12/2018, 1115 PST
Registration: N5800U
Aircraft: Piper PA28
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 


The flight instructor reported that, during landing, he was on the flight controls while the student pilot flew the airplane. During the touchdown, the airplane was right of the centerline, and the student either added left brake or left rudder, and the airplane entered a skid. The instructor then added full right rudder, but the airplane exited the runway to the left and struck a runway sign. Subsequently, the airplane came to rest inverted.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage and empennage.

The instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The flight instructor's failure to maintain directional control during landing.


Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Instructor/check pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Sign/marker - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Runway excursion
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)
Nose over/nose down

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 24, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/20/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 11/05/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 320.6 hours (Total, all aircraft), 16.2 hours (Total, this make and model), 240.3 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 39 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 32.8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: None
Age: 37, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: None
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 6 hours (Total, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N5800U
Model/Series: PA28 140
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1968
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28-23502
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/20/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2150 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 11810 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320-E2A
Registered Owner: Dubois Aviation Inc
Rated Power: 150 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCNO, 650 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1953 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 233°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  5 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 20000 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.11 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 18°C / 10°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: Moderate - Haze
Departure Point: Chino, CA (CNO)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Chino, CA (CNO)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1000 PST
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: CHINO (CNO)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 650 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 26R
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4858 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Straight-in 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 33.975278, -117.635556 (est)

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