Wednesday, July 18, 2018

Abnormal Runway Contact: Cessna 172L Skyhawk, N7880G, accident occurred July 17, 2018 at Nashville International Airport (KBNA), Tennessee

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Nashville, Tennessee

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Nashville, TN
Accident Number: GAA18CA428
Date & Time: 07/17/2018, 1200 CDT
Registration: N7880G
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

According to the pilot he had sought instruction from a flight instructor to complete his airplane single engine land, commercial certificate. He completed his airplane multi-engine land, commercial certificate two years prior, and his airplane single-engine land, private certificate three years prior.

He reported that during his solo flight, he made an approach, but the airplane's airspeed was fast. He recalled that his intent was to float along the 8,000ft runway, extending the distance to touchdown because he wanted to exit at the taxiway near the end of the runway.

He reported that during the flare, he misperceived the airplane's height above the runway, because the runway was 50ft wider than his departure airport's runway. The airplane "sunk", touched down on the main landing gear, and bounced.

The pilot reported that he panicked and applied back pressure to the yoke, "thinking that it would slow me down." The airplane bounced several times and he applied forward pressure to the yoke, "to get some forward momentum to flare again." The airplane settled on the runway.

During taxi the pilot felt something was wrong with the nose wheel but continued to taxi to the hangar.

The airplane sustained substantial damage the lower engine mounts.

The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 30, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/22/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 12/20/2016
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 183.3 hours (Total, all aircraft), 152.8 hours (Total, this make and model), 131 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 7.9 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 6.8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1.5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N7880G
Model/Series: 172 L
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1970
Amateur Built:No 
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17259580
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 07/09/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3920 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320
Registered Owner: Southern Skies Aviation Llc
Rated Power: 150 hp
Operator: Nashville Flight Training
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBNA, 605 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1653 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 238°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 3400 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Light and Variable /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: Variable
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.01 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 32°C / 22°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Gallatin, TN (XNX)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Nashville, TN (BNA)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1150 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class C

Airport Information

Airport: Nashville Intl (BNA)
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 599 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 02C
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 8001 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  36.124444, -86.678056 (est)

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