Friday, April 27, 2018

Cessna 172N Skyhawk, N23AT: Accident occurred April 20, 2018 at Reid–Hillview Airport (KRHV), San Jose, Santa Clara County, California

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Jose, California

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N23AT

Location: San Jose, CA
Accident Number: GAA18CA232
Date & Time: 04/20/2018, 1300 PDT
Registration: N23AT
Aircraft: CESSNA 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The manager at the flight school reported that, during a training flight, the student allowed the airplane to drift to the right of the runway centerline on approach. He added that, the flight instructor reminded the student to remain on the centerline, but as the airplane flared for landing it continued to drift to the right of the centerline. The student applied full right rudder, the airplane "yawed and banked to the left", the instructor initiated a go-around, but the right main landing gear struck a taxiway sign. Subsequently, the flight instructor continued the go-around and landed without further incident.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right horizontal stabilizer and elevator.

The manager at the flight school reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 34, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 02/17/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/21/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 820 hours (Total, all aircraft), 520 hours (Total, this make and model), 670 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 331 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 131 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 37, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: None
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 42 hours (Total, all aircraft), 42 hours (Total, this make and model), 15 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 10 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N23AT
Model/Series: 172 N
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1978
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 17270997
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 03/16/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 17208.4 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320-H2AD
Registered Owner: CALIFORNIA IN NICE INC
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: CALIFORNIA IN NICE INC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KRHV, 133 ft msl
Observation Time: 1947 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 145°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 23°C / 8°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 10 knots, 340°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.13 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: San Jose, CA (RHV)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: San Jose, CA (RHV)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time:  PDT
Type of Airspace: Class C

Airport Information

Airport: REID-HILLVIEW OF SANTA CLARA C (RHV)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 135 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 31L
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3099 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Go Around; Touch and Go; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 37.336111, -121.819722 (est)

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