Thursday, February 22, 2018

Cessna 182P Skylane, N8128M, registered to AHL Aviation LLC: Accident occurred November 27, 2017 at Black River Falls Area Airport (KBCK), Jackson County, Wisconsin

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 

http://registry.faa.govN8128M

Location: Black River Falls, WI
Accident Number: GAA18CA058
Date & Time: 11/27/2017, 1200 CST
Registration: N8128M
Aircraft: CESSNA 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

Analysis

The solo student pilot in the high-performance airplane reported that, during approach, the airplane descended through turbulence. He added that the automated weather observation system reported wind "variable between 110 and 160", and he was landing on runway 8, so he "crabbed to the right". During the landing flare, he aligned the airplane with the runway centerline and "was quickly pushed left". The student added full power to go around and, about 30-50 ft off the ground, "a gust of wind caused [him] to bank/turn left" and the airplane impacted the ground.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage and right wing.

The student pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The Federal Aviation Administration inspector reported that the student pilot did not possess a high-performance endorsement.

A review of recorded data from the automated weather observation station located on the airport reported that, about 5 minutes before the accident, the wind was from 140° at 8 knots, wind variable from 110° to 170°. The airplane landed on runway 8. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure to maintain lateral control of the high-performance airplane during the go-around in crosswind conditions.

Findings

Aircraft
Lateral/bank control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Powerplant parameters - Not attained/maintained

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)
Qualification/certification - Student pilot

Environmental issues
Crosswind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach
Other weather encounter

Approach-VFR go-around
Loss of control in flight (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 39, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/09/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 70 hours (Total, all aircraft), 70 hours (Total, this make and model), 19 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 19 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N8128M
Model/Series: 182 P
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1976
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18264544
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats:4 
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2950 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470S
Registered Owner: AHL AVIATION LLC
Rated Power: 230 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBCK, 837 ft msl
Observation Time: 1755 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 134°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 11°C / 0°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 8 knots, 140°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.87 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: LA CROSSE, WI (LSE)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Black River Falls, WI (BCK)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1140 CST
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Airport Information


Airport: BLACK RIVER FALLS AREA (BCK)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 836 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 08
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4601 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Straight-in 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 44.251389, -90.855556 (est)

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